Ch 1 dx of blood vessels Flashcards Preview

T4- Systemic Patho > Ch 1 dx of blood vessels > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 1 dx of blood vessels Deck (56):
1

(5) risk factors for atherosclerosis

1. hyperlioidemia LDLs
2. Hypertension
3. Smoking
4. DM
5. Obesity

2

Which layer is atherosclerosis located in

tunica intima (where the plaque builds up)


(but there is pressure on the media - causes degeneration)

3

#1 atherosclerosis dx killer of americans

coronary art dx

4

Name the two types of arteriosclerosis

1. hyaline
2. hyperplasma

5

common location of hyaline arteriolosclerosis

renal art.

6

(2) dx ass with hyaline arteriolosclerosis

DM
hypertension

7

_____ arteriolosclerosis is caused by severe hypertension

hyperplastic arteriolosclerosis

8

What layer of the art. does hyperplastic arteriolosclerosis affect

thickening of the tunica intima

9

_____ arteriolosclerosis has concentric narrowing (from the outside in)

hyperplastic arteriolosclerosis

10

_______: has ring like Ca+ within the tunica media

moncheberg medial calcific sclerosis

11

pop affected by moncheberg medial calcific sclerosis

(m) 50+

12

____: abnormal dilation of any vessel

aneurysm

13

____ is the most common form of aneurysm

atherosclerotic aneyrysm

14

Common location of a atherosclerotic aneurysm

abd. aorta below the renal art.
(-far from vasa vasorum)

15

___ aneurysm is asymptomatic

atherosclerotic aneurysm

16

_____ aneurysm appears as a weaken arch of the aorta

syphilitic aneurysm

17

syphilitic aneurysm has ______ of vasa vasorum at arch of aorta

endarteritis obliterans

(will have the clinical appearance of aortic regurgitation)

18

___ aneurysm is a dilation at the bifurcation of the cerebral vessels

berry aneurysm

19

___ aneurysm affects young/ mid age adults bc of a congenital lack of internal elastic membrane

bery aneurysm

20

(2) common locations of the berry aneurysm

ant. communicating art.
anterior cerebral art.

21

berry aneurysms are ass with ____ dx

polycystic dx

22

before the rupture of a berry aneurysm the pt will have a ____

severe occipital HA

--> rupture leads to subarachnoid bleeding

23

____: formation of fibrofatty plaques in the tunica intima of large art

atheroma

24

____ aneurysm is from severe uncontrolled hypertension for a long time --> defect in the aortic wall

dissecting aneurysm

25

cause of a dissecting aneurysm

hypertension

26

"____" is caused by hypertension making a tear of the aortic valve and blood accum. into the media (dissecting aneurysm)

double barrel aorta

27

a dissecting aneurysm most common location is ____

ascending aorta

28

***cc: _____: necrotizing immune vasculitis that occurs in the kidney, heart, and GI tract. BUT NOT THE LUNGS

polyartheritis dodosa (PAN)

29

What triad is seen in wegener's granulomatosis

necrotizing granuloma vasculitis in the Respiratory tract
focal necrotizing vasculitis
Renal dx

30

What triad is seen in henoch-schonlein purpura (hypersentivity vasculitis)

• purpura
• ecchymosis
• petichae

31

What triad is seen in churg-strauss(hypersentivity vasculitis)

vasculitis
asthma
peripheral eosinophilia

32

****Incidence of thromboangitis obliterans

young/ mid age smokers (w/ HLA) --> remission when they quite smoking

33

What arterial cc do you see raynaud phenomenon in ?

thromboangitis obliterans

34

Leading cause of aquired heart dx

kawasaki's dx

35

primary cause (2) of varicose v's

valvular incompetence
fam fx

36

cc___: red streak to lymph nodes, throbbing pn

acute lymphangitis

37

cc_____ is sometimes seen after a mastectomy

lymphedema

38

***#1 killer in the USA

Atherosclerosis

39

***atherosclerosis is fibrofatty plaque in the ___

tunica intima

(aorta, carotid, iliac, and coronary art. )

40

***(2) risk factors of atherosclerosis

hyperlipidemia
incr serum LDL

41

***cc: ____: affects medium and small arteries and is characterized by ring like calcifications within the tunica media

Monckeberg's medial calcific sclerosis

42

***______: weakening of the arch of the aorta with tertiary syphyillis

syphylitic aneurysm

43

***____: localized dilation of an artery located at the bifurcations of cerebral vessels (circle of willis)

berry aneurysm

44

*** (2) clinical findings of berry aneurysm

severe occipital HA
Subarachnoid bleeding

45

***MC predisposing factor for dissecting aneurysm

hypertension

46

_____ arteriolsclerosis: hyaline that deposits and theickens in the vessel wall and narrows the lumen

Location: ___

hyaline

location: renal art

47

_____ arteriolsclerosis: caused by severe hypertension

location:____

hyperplastic

Location: tunica intima of the kidenys, intestines, and adrenals

48

cc____- this condition DOESN'T have narrowing and infl of the art.

Moncheberg's Medial Ca+ sclerosis

49

cc____: Masses of Uncapsulated capillaries in organs,
skin, mm of lips and oral cavities

(bright red & blue)

capillary hemangioma (B)

50

cc___: large cavernous blood spaces , Red/blue, spongy tumor , elevated

cavernous hemangioma (B)

51

***Lindau-Von Hippel dx is ass. with ____ (B)

cavernous hemangioma

52

most common area for a cavernous hemangioma to occur

cerebellum

53

name/ define 2 vascular ectasis

1. spider telangiectasias: dilation of central art and surrounded by radiating cap -- pregos/ liver cirrhosis

2. Nuvus Flammus : birth mark that fades

54

cc___ (M): arises from endothelium
small red nodules → anaplastic large gray white soft spots

angiosarcoma (M)

55

***vascular (M) tumor that is ass with AIDs

Kaposi's sarcoma

56

*** MCC of death with ppl who have a dissecting aneurysm

cardiac tamonade