Sample questions Midterm 1 Flashcards Preview

T4- Systemic Patho > Sample questions Midterm 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sample questions Midterm 1 Deck (61):
1

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis disease

Good pasture syndrome

2

Erythroblastosis

type II hypersensitivity

3

Dilated tortuous medium sized vein

Varicose vein

4

Chronic bronchitis pathology

Mucous gland hyperplasia and goblet cell metaplasia

5

lobar pneumonia with neutrophils and gram+ cocci

Streptococcus pneumonia

6

Cardiac layer affected by acute rheumatic fever

myocardium

7

MCC congestive cardiomyopathy in middle age men

idiopathic

8

Empyema is

pus in pleural cavity

9

main manifestation of acute rheumatic fever on the endocardium layer of heart

Mitral stenosis

10

Landau von hippel Disease is

cavernous hemangioma of large cavernous blood spaces of cerebellum

11

Main complication of bronchiectasis

lung abscess

12

male with myocarditis for long time, other complications include

congestive cardiomyopathy

13

most common form of berry aneurysm

subarachnoid hemorrhage

14

Most common complication of MI in first 6 hours of attack

no change 0-4hrs. 4-6hrs CK and CKMB elevated

15

Microscopic pathological change in lung due to pulmonary embolism

coagulative necrosis

16

Risk factor for atherosclerosis

hyperlipidemia

17

Endarteritis obliterans is associated with

syphillitic aneurysm

18

pericarditis due to rheumatic fever is usually manifested by

fibrinous adhesion of visceral and parietal pericardium

19

One of the minor jones criteria

increase in erythrocyte sedimentation rate

20

variant angina characterized by

chest pain at rest

21

Kaposi's sarcoma is

vascular tumor and usually is very aggressive in AIDs patient

22

Asbestos can cause

mesothelioma of pleura

23

atypical walking pneumonia caused by

mycoplasma pneumonia

24

lobar pneumonia is manifested by

non patchy consolidation of lung

25

main pahtoogical change of secondary pulmonary TB infection

milliary ceseating spread to lung

26

3 month cough, hx of cough for several years, smoker since age 16, rhonci and wheezes present

chronic bronchitis

27

most common type of bronchial asthma in children

extrinsic

28

Clinical manifestation of pulmonary infarction

embolism

29

tachypnea

shallow, rapid, breathing

30

Lesion in active primary TB

Ghon Focus in upper part of lower lobes with active disease

31

histoplasmosis of lung is manifested by

non cosseting granuloma on acute attack

32

Premature infant dies after birth after developing ARDS. Autopsy reveals collapsed lung. which condition

deficiency of pulmonary surfactant

33

Most severe complication of thromboplebitis

pulmonary infarction

34

most common manifestation of myxoma of heart is

valve obstruction

35

male with MI hx has pan systolic murmur indication anterior mitral valve damage. which artery supplies this portion of heart

left descending inter ventricular coronary artery

36

most common predisposing factor leading to ARDS

sepsis

37

most common cause of CAD

atherosclerosis

38

most common type of lung cancer

adenocarcinoma

39

rheumatic fever in youth leads to this chronic disease later in life

mitral valve stenosis

40

most common cause of myocarditis in US

cocksackie B virus

41

Monckebergs medial calcific sclerosis damages

tunica media

42

joint pain in acute rheumatic fever is due to

migratory arthritis with no residual effects

43

atherosclerotic atheroma originates in which arterial layer

endothelium of tunica intima

44

temporal arteritis is

chronic granulomatous inflammation of medium sized arteries

45

most common factor for dissecting aneurysm formation

hypertension

46

transmural myocardial infarction affects

all 3 layers of heart- Endo, myo, peri

47

Non bacterial thrombosis caused by tumors

marantic endocarditis

48

aschoff bodies are found in

myocarditis in rheumatic fever

49

abnormal arterial dilation

berry aneurysm

50

Staph aureus in IV drug users=

acute bacterial endocarditis

51

most common type of congenital heart disease

ventricular septal defect

52

Vasculitis in children following upper respiratory infection purport in lower extremities and polyarthritis are characteristics of

henoch Schönlein purpura

53

feature of Buergers Disease

it is inflammatory vasculitis of medium sized arteries of extremities of young smoker males

54

Most common location for syphyllic aneurysm

ascending portion of aorta and arch of aorta

55

Cough, fever, foul smelling sputum, bronchial dilation and pus filled lumen

Strep aureus

56

transposition of great vessels of heart is

cyanotic congenital heart disease

57

major jones criteria for rheumatic heart fever

erythema marginatum

58

which disease is best example of cyanotic congenital heart disease

atrial septal defect

59

type of lung reaction to inhalation of coal dust

anthracosis

60

primary lung cancer with ectopic hormone

small cell carcinoma

61

main lab finding of pulmonary embolism in ABG

hypoxemia