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Flashcards in Ch 1 Introduction to Pharmacology Deck (13)
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1

The rate and extent to which the active ingredient is absorbed from a drug product and becomes available at the site of drug action to produce its effect:

BIOAVAILABILITY

This definition is by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

It is the key to comparing brand-name drugs and their generic equivalents. The bioavailability is measured of the two agents.

2

These are assigned using standard nomenclature established by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).

Chemical Names

A drug has only one chemical name. It is sometimes helpful in predicting a drug's physical and chemical properties.

3

Drugs with more than one active generic ingredients are called:

Combination Drugs

4

Any substance that is taken to prevent, cure, or reduce symptoms of a medical condition:

DRUG

5

The period in which competing companies are not allowed to market generic versions of the product:

EXCLUSIVITY

6

This is assigned by the US Adopted Name Council... These are less complicated and easier to remember than chemical names:

GENERIC NAME

ending -lol is used in the generic name of beta-adrenergic blockers.

The ending -statin denotes a lipid-lowering drug.

7

The conditions for which a drug is approved are called its:

INDICATIONS

Drugs that are used for conditions for which they have not been approved are called unlabeled or off-label indications.

8

This describes how the drug acts:

Pharmacological Classification

9

The study of medicines:

Pharmacology

10

The application of drugs for the purpose of disease prevention and treatment of suffering:

Pharmacotherapy

11

Well understood model drug to which other drugs in a pharmacologic class are compared:

Prototype drug

12

This describes what is being treated by the drug:

Therapeutic classifiction

13

This is assigned by the pharmaceutical company marketing the drug. It is intentionally selected to be short and easy to remember:

Trade Name

sometimes called proprietary, product, or brand name