Flashcards in Ch 1 Introduction to Pharmacology Deck (13)
The rate and extent to which the active ingredient is absorbed from a drug product and becomes available at the site of drug action to produce its effect:
This definition is by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.
It is the key to comparing brand-name drugs and their generic equivalents. The bioavailability is measured of the two agents.
These are assigned using standard nomenclature established by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
A drug has only one chemical name. It is sometimes helpful in predicting a drug's physical and chemical properties.
Drugs with more than one active generic ingredients are called:
Any substance that is taken to prevent, cure, or reduce symptoms of a medical condition:
The period in which competing companies are not allowed to market generic versions of the product:
This is assigned by the US Adopted Name Council... These are less complicated and easier to remember than chemical names:
ending -lol is used in the generic name of beta-adrenergic blockers.
The ending -statin denotes a lipid-lowering drug.
The conditions for which a drug is approved are called its:
Drugs that are used for conditions for which they have not been approved are called unlabeled or off-label indications.
This describes how the drug acts:
The study of medicines:
The application of drugs for the purpose of disease prevention and treatment of suffering:
Well understood model drug to which other drugs in a pharmacologic class are compared:
This describes what is being treated by the drug: