Ch 10 - Federalism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 10 - Federalism Deck (18):
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Unitary system

National government possesses all power

1

Confederacy

State or local governments possess all power

2

Federal system

Divides political power equally between the national and state governments

3

Concurrent powers

Powers exercised by both state and national governments

4

McCulloch vs. Maryland

The Supreme Court established the doctrine of implied powers

5

Full faith and credit

One state honoring the laws and court decisions of other states

6

Privileges and immunities

Special rights and protections guaranteed to the citizens of a state

7

Extradition

Surrender of an accused or convicted felon to the state from which he fled

8

Dual federalism

Each government is independent and exercises it's own power without the assistance if the other government

9

Doctrine of nullification

States belief that they could ignore a law if they believed it unconstitutional

10

Gibbons vs. Ogden

Broadly interpreted congress' power to regulate commerce

11

Cooperative federalism

Congress influencing the states with Grant money

12

Federal grants

Monies the national government gives to state or local governments for a designated purpose

13

Coercive federalism

Congress forcing states to implement federal programs

14

Preemption

A federal law overriding a similar state law

15

Block grants

General purpose grants, more controlled by states

16

Categorical grants

Grants for a specific purpose, more controlled by congress

17

Conditions of aid

Rules governing the use of Grant money