Ch 5 - Legislative Branch Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 5 - Legislative Branch Deck (19):
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Apportionment

The proportional distribution of congressional seats among states

1

Census

A counting of the number of people in a specific area

2

Number of members in the house

435

3

Gerrymandering

Drawing district boundaries so as to purposely favor the party in power

4

3 qualifications for Congress members

Age, citizenship, and state residency

5

Seniority system

The practice of giving committee chair to the member who has the most years of continuous service on that committee

6

Select committees

Used for investigations

7

Joint committees

Members from both houses meet in a single committee

8

Parliamentarian

Advises house officers in parliamentary rules and house rules

9

Sergeant at arms

Chief protocol and law enforcement officer for his house

10

Franking privilege

Congressmen are not charged postage on their office mail

11

Congressional immunity

Congress members exemption from most arrests and from liability for speeches on floor

12

Censure

Officially condemn

13

Resolution

A formal statement of opinion or determination adopted by a legislative assembly

14

Filibuster

An attempt to kill a bill by stalling the vote on it

15

Discharge petition

A petition to get a bill out of a committee before the committee votes on it.

16

Committee of the Whole

When the whole House sits as one committee

17

Cloture

Three fifths of senators vote to limit each senator to one hour of speaking

18

Pocket veto

When a president ignores a bill, and congress adjourns within the next ten days, the bill is dead