Ch 9 - Amendments Flashcards Preview

AmGov > Ch 9 - Amendments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 9 - Amendments Deck (52):
0

Amendment 1

Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, petition

1

Amendment 2

Gun rights

2

Amendment 3

No quartering of soldiers

3

Amendment 4

No unreasonable searches (privacy)

4

Amendment 5

No one forced to testify against themselves

5

Amendment 6

Speedy and public trial

6

Amendment 7

Trial by jury

7

Amendment 8

No cruel and unusual punishment

8

Amendment 9

Just because it's not in the constitution doesn't mean it's not a right

9

Amendment 10

All powers not of the government are for the people

10

Amendment 11

Lawsuits between states

11

Amendment 12

Separate ballots for Pres and VP

12

Amendment 13

Abolished slavery

13

Amendment 14

Abolished slavery, did citizenship stuff

14

Amendment 15

Suffrage for former slaves

15

Amendment 16

Income tax

16

Amendment 17

Popular election of senators

17

Amendment 18

Prohibited production, transportation, and sale of alcohol

18

Amendment 19

Women's suffrage

19

Amendment 20

Lame duck amendment - Changed date in which newly elected presidents, senators, and reps take office

20

Amendment 21

Repealed prohibition (18)

21

Amendment 22

Pres limited to 2 terms, 10 years max

22

Amendment 23

Granted DC number of electors equal to smallest state (3)

23

Amendment 24

No poll taxes

24

Amendment 25

Pres and VP succession

25

Amendment 26

Suffrage for 18-year-olds

26

Amendment 27

Congress can't raise it's own salary

27

Bill of rights

Statement of individual citizens legal privileges

28

3 documents that formed the background to the American bill of rights

Massachusetts Body of Liberties, English Bill of rights, virginia declaration of rights

29

Establishment clause

Congress shall make no law concerning an establishment of religion

30

Free exercise clause

Congress shall not prohibit the free exercise of religion

31

3 purposes of establishment and free exercise clauses

1) to prevent the establishment of a national religion
2) to safeguard the right to freedom of religion
3) to permit states to deal with religious establishment as they saw fit

32

Lemon tests 3 criteria

1) laws primary purpose must be secular
2) laws net effect on religion must be neutral
3) law must not entangle government with religion

33

First free exercise case

Reynolds v. United States (Supreme Court rules that Mormon polygamy

34

Slander

False speech used to destroy another's reputation

35

Libel

False writing used to destroy another's reputation

36

Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire

Justice Murphy ruled that the right to free speech does not include lewd, profane, obscene, and libelous speech

37

Dennis v. United States

Court upheld conviction of eleven leaders of the American communist party for advocating revolution

38

Pornography

Obscene writings or pictures designed to arouse immoral thoughts, feelings, and desires

39

Prior restraint

Federal approval of all punished material before printing

40

Roth v. United States

Defined obscenity as anything without redeeming social value

41

Miller v. California

Court rejected its previous social value test

42

Militia

The armed citizenry

43

Brady law

Restricts sale of handguns by requiring a waiting period for the purchase of a handgun

44

Warrant

A written statement issued by a judge which gives a law officer the authority to search for a specific thing in a specific place

45

Capital crime

Punishable by death

46

Felony

Other serious crime (but not capital)

47

Court martial

Courts for trying members if the armed forces

48

Eminent domain

The right of civil government to take over a persons land or other private property for public use

49

Bail

A sum of money that a person deposits with the court in order to be temporarily released from jail

50

Volstead act

Enforced 18th amendment

51

Lame duck

An officeholder who continues I. His capacity although he has not been reelect end