Ch 2 - Government Under God Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 2 - Government Under God Deck (36):
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Government

The authority and power to control, to direct, and to rule the actions and affairs of others

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Sovereign

Having supreme power and right to govern all nations and their rulers

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Flow of governmental authority

From God to human institutions to individuals responsible for ruling others within those institutions

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First foundational civil ordinance

Capital punishment for murder

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Gods purpose for government

To protect the innocent by punishing the guilty

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English jurist who wrote Commentaries on the Laws of England

Sir William Blackstone

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Laws

Rules of human action or conduct

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Revealed law

Laws given by god explicitly in the Holy Scripture

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Natural law

Laws discernible by all men as image-bearers of god

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Commandments

Orders from God telling men what to do and what not to do

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Positive law

No higher law

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Higher law

A law of god on which mans law must rest

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Code of Hammurabi

Codified Sumerian laws of Babylonian king Hammurabi

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Theocracy

A government where God rules directly

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Autocracy

Rule by one whose will is supreme

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Secularism

The belief that government should remove everything religious from its domain

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Democracy

The people rule, either directly by popular vote or indirectly thru elected representatives

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Dynasty

Rule by a single family

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Distinguishing feature of a monarch

He received his position by inheritance

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Absolute monarchy

A system of government in which the monarch has unlimited power

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Constitutional monarchies

Systems if government in which the monarchs power is limited by a constitution and is equal to or subservient to an elected representative assembly

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Dictatorship

Ruler does not inherit his power and rules with absolute authority

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Totalitarian

Controlling all aspects of society

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Fascism

A totalitarian dictatorship in which all power is vested in one ruler

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Communism

A totalitarian dictatorship by one or more persons that advocates the violent, revolutionary overthrow of the existing economic, political and social order and sets up a tyrannical state that dominates the person, property, and thoughts of all citizens by means of physical and psychological force and terror.

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Socialism

A system of government control over a nations economy.

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Socialists key tenet

Government, not individuals, should control a country's resources and it's means of production

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The price of socialism

Freedom

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Direct democracy

The people rule directly by popular vote

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Indirect democracy

People rule indirectly through elected representatives

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Constitutional republic

The people and their representatives are limited by a constitution

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Republic

Voters elect others to represent them in government

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Separation of church and state

The church and government are to remain institutionally separate

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The cornerstone of American government

The character of the American people

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Greek definition of monarch

To rule alone

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Gods purpose for government

To protect the innocent by punishing the guilty