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Flashcards in CH. 11 Deck (52)
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1
Q

Lookism

A

trap to get caught on overemphasis on the surface

-EX: Always smiling, but sad inside

2
Q

Adjustment for children of different cultures

A

Ex: Hinduism

3
Q

Survey

A

a questionare

-Social Desirability Bias

4
Q

Social Desirability Bias

A

what people say, isn’t always what they will do

5
Q

Qualitative Research

A

Ex: Interview

6
Q

Narrative Identity

A

to tell your life story ing our head

- not until adolescence

7
Q

Unwanted Identity

A

Brene Brown
-qualitative
-scared to speak of what they do because of feeling ashamed
-labels
Ex: Saying immigrants come to US & take all jobs

8
Q

Brene Brown

A

-unwanted identity

Live in a culture where people are going to label you for what you are

9
Q

Landscape = changes in:

A
  1. Self-esteem
  2. Self-concept
  3. Identity
  4. Personality
10
Q

Self-esteem

A

very broad & emotional

  • feel during situations
  • fluctuates across the life span
11
Q

Self-concept

A

very specific

  • Ex: academics, church, sports, family, work
  • adolescence: more abstract
12
Q

Self-understanding

A

also called Identity Achievement

  • broad
  • how you describe yourself
13
Q

Personality

A

-stage models
-many parts of self
EX: Are you consciousness
- enduring & identity
-less likely to change as you get older

14
Q

Gender Differences

A

in self-esteem emerge by early adolescence

  • Men = higher
  • Women = lower
15
Q

To enhance self-esteem

A
inductive methods
- not logic, offering an explanation
-not power-assertive
EX: yelling to get point across
-avoid labels
16
Q

Self-Regulation

A

the ability to control oneself

  • includes self-generation and cognitive monitoring of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors to reach a goal
  • better achievers and more satisfied
17
Q

Self-Control

A

increases in early adulthood into middle adult years

-decline in perceived self-control of health and cognitive functioning

18
Q

Selection

A

means focus

  • not multi-task
  • reduction in performance in most life domains
19
Q

Optimization

A

do best you can to get peak performance

- EX: Elderly = jigsaw puzzles & exercise

20
Q

Compensation

A

back up and do things differently to require a lack of skill

-Ex: Slowed down music to make people be able to cope

21
Q

Narrative Identity

A

Adolescence

  • Emerging Adulthood
  • Adulthood
22
Q

Newer models

A

integrating throughout our lives

-autonomy and connectedness

23
Q

Older models

A

independence and separation

24
Q

Separateness

A

individuality

  • say point of view in conflicting point of view
  • not agreeing with someone but speak up about it
25
Q

Splitting

A

tunnel vision

26
Q

Self-esteem

A

> 20’s
levels off in 30’s
rises in 50’s & 60’s
< 70’s & 80’s

27
Q

Connectedness

A
  1. ) mutuality = don’t agree but respect their point of view

2. ) permeability = open to a new point of view

28
Q

Identity Development

A

Erik Erikson = 5th stage of Psychosocial Personality Development

  • at adolescence
  • exploration/experimentation = how to identify identity
  • fidelity = essential; finding a purpose/meaning
29
Q

James Marcia

A
4 different identity statuses
- MAMA cycle
-student of Erikson & bothered by his theory
2 key dimensions:
1.) Crisis
2.) Commitment
30
Q

Crisis

A

period of identity development during which individuals explores alternatives
-turning point in own life
-wake up call
EX: being arrested

31
Q

Commitment

A

personal investment in identity

32
Q

4 statuses:

A
  1. ) Identity diffusion
  2. ) Identity foreclosure
  3. ) Identity moratorium
  4. ) Identity achievement
33
Q

Identity diffusion

A

confusion

  • Ex: Gangs
  • crisis = no
  • commitment = no
34
Q

Identity foreclosure

A

makes commitment but never questions own identity

  • Ex: Having a certain job because your parents said so
  • crisis = no
  • commitment = yes
35
Q

Identity moratorium

A

healthy later identity statuses

  • who cares
  • crisis = yes
  • commitment = no
36
Q

Identity achievement

A
crisis = yes
commitment = yes
37
Q

Personality

A

enduring personal characteristics

  • trait theories
  • five big factors: OCEAN
38
Q

Traits

A

ways to describe a person by behaviors

39
Q

Big Five Factors of Personality

A

OCEAN = approach to personality development

  1. ) Openness
  2. ) Conscientiousness
  3. ) Extraversion
  4. ) Agreeableness
  5. ) Neuroticism
40
Q

Openness

A
  • imaginative or practical

- independent or conforming

41
Q

Conscientiousness

A

most important

  • organized or disorganized
  • careful or careless
  • disciplined or impulsive
42
Q

Extraversion

A
  • sociable
  • fun-loving
  • affectionate
43
Q

Agreeableness

A
  • soft-hearted
  • trusting
  • helpful
44
Q

Neuroticism

A

2nd important

  • calm or anxious
  • secure or insecure
  • self-satisfied or self-pitying
45
Q

Big Five Factors: Adulthood

A

emotional stability, extraversion, openness, and agreeableness lower in early adulthood
-peaks between 40-60
-decreases in late adulthood
+Conscientiousness = continues to increase

46
Q

George Vaillant

A

longitudinal study
+happy-well
+sad-sick
+dead

47
Q

Generativity

A

adults desire to leave a legacy of themselves on future generations

  • wanting to give to other people
  • Ex: having kids
  • Ex: doing something to help the community
48
Q

Stagnation

A

an individual senses that he/she has done nothing for future generations

49
Q

Life events approach

A

focuses on events and how we adapt to a situation

EX: Football players with child abuse

50
Q

The Imposter Syndrome

A

someone quietly inside head says I’m a fake because it’s not good enough

  • wanting to be perfect with everything
  • Ex: Becomes nurse but feels like a failure because he didn’t get the highest grades he wanted
51
Q

To Counteract: The Imposter Syndrome

A
  • recognize the benefits
  • helps us avoid complacency
  • adds source of strength
52
Q

Coherence

A

I can pull it together