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Flashcards in ch 12 pt 2 Deck (13)
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1

Forbidden city

The walled section of Beijing where emperors lived between 1121 and 1924. A portion is now a residence for leaders of the People's Republic of China.

2

China

Beijing

3

Mongolia

Ulan Bator

4

Beijing

China's northern capital, first used as an imperial capital in 906 and now the capital of the People's Republic of China.

5

Wu Hou

625 - 705 First Chinese empress who ruled during the Tang dynasty and unified the empire

6

Genghis

Also known as Temujin; he united the Mongol tribes into an unstoppable fighting force; created largest single land empire in history.

7

Kublai Khan

(1215-1294) Grandson of Genghis Khan and founder of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty in China.

8

Zheng He

An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa.

9

Sui dynasty

The short dynasty between the Han and the Tang; built the Grand Canal, strengthened the government, and introduced Buddhism to China

10

Tang Dynasty

(618-907 CE) The Chinese dynasty that was much like the Han, who used Confucianism. This dynasty had the equal-field system, a bureaucracy based on merit, and a Confucian education system.

11

Song Dynasty

(960-1279 CE) The Chinese dynasty that placed much more emphasis on civil administration, industry, education, and arts other than military.

12

Mongol Dynasty

rulers: Genghis and Kublai Khan, great nomadic warriors on horseback w/ arrows

13

Ming Dynasty

Succeeded Mongol Yuan dynasty in China in 1368; lasted until 1644; initially mounted huge trade expeditions to southern Asia and elsewhere, but later concentrated efforts on internal development within China.