Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (23)
A large and wealthy city that was the imperial capital of the Byzantine empire and later the Ottoman empire, now known as Istanbul
A strait connecting the Mediterranean and the Black Sea
Large body of water separating Ukraine from Turkey
Sea of marmara
The body of water between the Bosporus and the Dardanelles
An ancient Greek stadium used for horse and chariot racing
A huge building in Constantinople and the site of chariot races
the eastern portion of the Roman empire; lasted 1000 years after the fall of Western Rome
The major church of a diocese, where the bishop has his seat
one who opposes established beliefs, customs, and institutions
A collection of laws that reflected Christian values
City in western Arabia; birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, and ritual center of the Islamic religion.
City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca.
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
A group of traders traveling together
A Muslim place of worship
A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Mohammed which stresses belief in one god (Allah), Paradise and Hell, and a body of law written in the Quran. Followers are called Muslims.
The holy book of Islam
A follower of Islam
A supreme political and religious leader in a Muslim government
Region of the world that has the largest sand desert in the world
What is the name for the area containing most of modern-day Turkey?
Moroccan Muslim scholar, the most widely traveled individual of his time. He wrote a detailed account of his visits to Islamic lands from China to Spain and the western Sudan.