Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (23)
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1

Constantinople

A large and wealthy city that was the imperial capital of the Byzantine empire and later the Ottoman empire, now known as Istanbul

2

Bosporus

A strait connecting the Mediterranean and the Black Sea

3

Black sea

Large body of water separating Ukraine from Turkey

4

Sea of marmara

The body of water between the Bosporus and the Dardanelles

5

Hippodrome

An ancient Greek stadium used for horse and chariot racing

6

Hippodrome

A huge building in Constantinople and the site of chariot races

7

Byzantium

the eastern portion of the Roman empire; lasted 1000 years after the fall of Western Rome

8

Cathedral

The major church of a diocese, where the bishop has his seat

9

icon

one who opposes established beliefs, customs, and institutions

10

justinian code

A collection of laws that reflected Christian values

11

Mecca

City in western Arabia; birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, and ritual center of the Islamic religion.

12

medina

City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca.

13

pilgrimage

A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.

14

caravan

A group of traders traveling together

15

mosque

A Muslim place of worship

16

islam

A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Mohammed which stresses belief in one god (Allah), Paradise and Hell, and a body of law written in the Quran. Followers are called Muslims.

17

quran

The holy book of Islam

18

muslim


A follower of Islam

19

caliph

A supreme political and religious leader in a Muslim government

20

Arabian Peninsula

Region of the world that has the largest sand desert in the world

21

Anatolia

What is the name for the area containing most of modern-day Turkey?

22

Ibn Battuta

Moroccan Muslim scholar, the most widely traveled individual of his time. He wrote a detailed account of his visits to Islamic lands from China to Spain and the western Sudan.

23

Astrolabe

An instrument used by sailors to determine their location by observing the position of the stars and planets