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Flashcards in chapter 13 Deck (30)
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1

Sahara

Largest desert in the world

2

Atlas Moutains

Mountain range on the northwestern side of the Sahara

3

Great Rift Valley

extends from Red Sea to Lake Malawi

4

Mount Kilimanjaro

Africa's highest peak

5

Savanna

An area of grassland with scattered trees and bushes

6

Bantu

A major African language family. Collective name of a large group of sub-Saharan African languages and of the peoples speaking these languages. Famous for migrations throughout central and southern Africa.

7

ghana

Accra

8

Koumbi

...Ghana's Capital, major center of trade.

9

mali

A major city in africa

10

Timbuktu

City on the Niger River in the modern country of Mali. It was founded by the Tuareg as a seasonal camp sometime after 1000. As part of the Mali empire, Timbuktu became a major major terminus of the trans-Saharan trade and a center of Islamic learning.

11

jenne-jenno

Was an ancient city located on the Niger River. It was the oldest known city in sub-Saharan Africa

12

Gao

an independent nonpartisan federal agency that acts as the investigative arm of Congress making the executive branch accountable to Congress and the government accountable to citizens of the United States

13

sumanguro

King/Sorcerer who opposed Sundiata

14

sundiata

the founder of Mali empire. He crushed his enemies and won control of the gold trade routes

15

Mansa Musa

Emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa. He made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and established trade routes to the Middle East.

16

Sonni All

founder of Songhai, believed to have magic powers, Songhai became a major trading state under his rule

17

griot

A West African storyteller

18

Axum

The Christian state in Africa that developed its own branch of Christianity, Coptic Christianity, because it was cut off from other Christians due to a large Muslim presence in Africa.

19

Ethiopia

Addis Ababa

20

Adefa

Capital of Ethiopia

21

Solfala

...

22

Kilwa

A city-state found on east African coast(Zenj); fishing limited trade from 800-1000; turned to agriculture, increased trade in pottery and stoneware; major trading center by 14th century

23

Great Zimbawe

Capital of the prosperous south African state which traded with the Swahili culture

24

Benin

Porto-Novo

25

ezana

King who ruled Aksum

26

Lalibela

Which African king built Christian churches out of solid rock?

27


Swahilli

Jambo, Asante

28

oba

44

29

Zagwe dynasty

Succeeded the Zagwe dynasty, became deeply involved in an expanding conflict with Muslim Adal to the east

30

solomonid dynasty

Succeeded the Zagwe dynasty, became deeply involved in an expanding conflict with Muslim Adal to the east