Ch 5 part 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 5 part 3 Deck (11)
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1

Harappa

a large ancient city of the Indus civilization, created in present-day Pakistan

2

Mohenjo-Daro

.Largest city of the Indus Valley civilization. It was centrally located in the extensive floodplain of the Indus River. Little is known about the political institutions of Indus Valley communities, but the large-scale implies central planning.

3

Cyrus II

The founder of the Achaemenid dynasty was

4

Darius I

The third king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. He ruled the empire at its peak. He organized the empire by dividing it into provinces and placing satraps to govern it. He organized a new uniform money system, along with making Aramaic the official language of the empire. He also worked on construction projects throughout the empire.

5

Chandragupta Maurya

He founded India's first empire. He was an Indian prince who conquered a large area in the Ganges River valley soon after Alexander invaded western India.

6

Ashoka

Leader of the Mauryan dynasty of India who conquered most of India but eventually gave up violence and converted to Buddhism.

7

Brashmin

The priest varna of the caste system.

8

Sudra

The majority of Indian castes, peasants, artisans, manual laborers, Ranked above only pariahs

9

Sanskrit

an Indo-European, Indic language, in use since 1200 b.c. as the religious and classical literary language of India.

10

Vedas

Collections of hymns, songs, prayers, and rituals honoring the barious gods of the Aryans.

11

Zoroastrianism

system of religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BC by Zoroaster noun