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Flashcards in Ch 4 lesson 3 Deck (10)
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1

Lu Province

The birthplace of Confucius.

2

Confucius

(551-479 BCE) A Chinese philosopher known also as Kong Fuzi and created one of the most influential philosophies in Chinese history.

3

Mencius

major follower of Confucius; stressed that humans were essentially good and that governments required the consent of their subjects.

4

Laozi

Founder of Daoism

5

Nobility

Second Estate

6

Book of Documents

One of the earliest Chinese books, containing documents, speeches, and historical accounts about early Zhou rule.

7

Analects

The book that Kong Fuzi wrote and that stresses the values and ideas of Confucianism.

8

Confucianism

A philosophy that adheres to the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. It shows the way to ensure a stable government and an orderly society in the present world and stresses a moral code of conduct.

9

Mandate of heaven

A political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source

10

Daoism

A religion in China which emphasizes the removal from society and to become one with nature.