Flashcards in Ch 13: Blood, Heart, And Circulation Deck (129):
Which of the following contains the antibodies?
Each RBC lives about ____ days.
A monocyte is a granular leukocyte. T/F
Which organ produces erythropoietin?
The intrinsic clotting cascade beings with which factor?
What are the three circulatory system functions?
Transportation, regulation, protection
Respiratory gases, nutrients, and wastes are under which circulatory system function?
Hormonal and temperature are under which circulatory system function?
Clotting and immune are under which circulatory system function?
What are the two circulatory system components?
Cardiovascular system, lymphatic system
The __________ contains the heart and the blood vessels.
The _____ contains the lymphatic vessels, lymphoid tissues, lymphatic organs (spleen, thymus, tonsils, lymph nodes).
_____ is the fluid part of the blood that contains plasma proteins and serum.
______ creates osmotic pressure to help draw water from tissues into capillaries to maintain blood volume and pressure.
Some _____ carry lipids.
_____ have antibodies.
____ helps in clotting after becoming fibrin.
What composition of blood carries oxygen, lack nuclei and mitochondria, have a 120 day life span, and contain hemoglobin and transferrin?
What composition of blood has a nuclei and mitochondria?
Neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils are all a type of ______.
Monocytes and lymphocytes are all a type of _______.
Which composition of blood is the smallest formed element, lacks nuclei, very short lived (5-9 days), clot blood, and need fibrinogen?
______ is a process of blood cell formation.
The _______ is secreted by the kidneys, has low oxygen levels, and initiates erythropoietin.
The ____ is secreted by the liver and regulates iron metabolism.
______ are found on the surface of cells to help the immune system recognize self cells.
_____ are secreted by lymphocytes in response to foreign cells.
______ is where the antigens on the erythrocyte cell surfaces.
What blood type has the A antigen?
What blood type has the B antigen?
What blood type has both the A and B antigens?
What blood type has neither the A nor the B antigen?
In a _________, a person has antibodies against antigens he does not have.
If a person receives the wrong blood type, antibodies bind to erythrocytes and cause ________.
______ can be used for blood typing.
An Rh- mother exposed to Rh+ fetal blood produces ______.
______ is the cessation of bleeding when a blood vessel is damaged.
Intact endothelium secretes prostacyclin and ______, which vasodilate and inhibit platelet aggregation.
Activated by exposure to collagen is known as _______.
______ activates a cascade of other blood factors.
_____ is initiated by tissue factor (factor III or tissue thromboplastin). This is a more direct pathway.
What vitamin is needed for both the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways?
What three drugs can be used to help prevent clotting?
Heparin (blocks thrombin)
Coumarin (inhibits vitamin K)
The ________ receives deoxygenated blood from the body.
The ______ receives oxygenated blood from the lungs.
The _______ pumps deoxygenated blood to the lungs.
The _______ pumps oxygenated blood to the body.
The _________ separates the atria from the ventricles. The atria therefore work as one unit, while the ventricles work as a separate unit.
The ______ hold in the heart valves.
The _____ circulation is between the heart and the lungs
In the pulmonary circulation, the blood pumps to the lungs via ________.
In the pulmonary circulation, the blood returns to the heart via _____.
The ______ circulation is between the heart and body tissues.
In the systemic circulation, the blood pumps to body tissues via the _____.
In the systemic circulation, the blood returns to the heart via the _______ and ______.
Superior and inferior venae cavae
The _____ is located between the atria and the ventricles.
The _____ is between the right atrium and the ventricle.
The ________ is between the left atrium and ventricle
The ________ are located between the ventricles and arteries leaving the heart.
The _____ is between the right ventricle and pulmonary trunk.
The ______ is between the left ventricle and aorta.
Heart sounds are produced by ______ valves.
"Lub" is the closing of the ________ valves. Occurs at ventricular systole.
"Dub" is the closing of the _______ valves. Occurs at ventricular diastole.
Mitral valve calcified and impairs flow between the left atrium and ventricle is known as?
________ valves do not close properly.
________ are holes in the interventricular or interatrial septum.
______ is the contraction of the heart muscles.
____ is the relaxation of the heart muscles.
Which of the following is NOT true of venous blood?
Always has lower oxygen content
How much blood does the average-sized adult have?
Which part of the red blood cell can bind to oxygen?
Heme part of hemoglobin
Which of the following is NOT a granular leukocyte?
The process of blood formation is?
What organ secretes erythropoietin?
When the wrong blood type is given to a patient, the antibodies in the patient's blood react with the antigens on the surface of the transfused blood causing a reaction called?
Erythroblastosis fetalis occurs when?
The mother has Rh- and the fetus has Rh+ blood.
What ion is necessary for the clotting process?
Aspirin inhibits blood clotting by directly preventing?
Platelet plug formation
What is the enzyme that converts soluble fibrinogen to insoluble fibrin?
The amount of blood ejected by the ventricles per beat is termed the?
During isovolumetric ventricular relaxation?
Atrial pressure is less than ventricular pressure
What occurs when the pressure in the ventricles drops below the pressure of the atria?
AV valves open
_______ also known as the "pacemaker" is located in the right atrium.
At _____, voltage gated Ca2+ channels open, triggering action potential and contraction.
______ and ______ increase the production of cAMP, which keeps Na+ channels open. Speeds heart rate.
Parasympathetic neurons secrete ______, which opens K+ channels. Slows heart rate.
Cardiac muscle cells have a resting potential of ______.
Voltage gated channels open, and membrane potential plateaus at _____ for 200-300 msec. Due to the balance between slow ____ of Ca2+ and ____ of K+.
In the _____ the bundle of His divides into bumble branches.
Branch bundles become ____, which stimulate ventricular contraction.
What instrument records the electrical activity of the heart by picking up the movement of ions in body tissues in response to this activity?
____ wave is atrial depolarization.
____ wave is the ventricular depolarization.
The ____ segment is the plateau phase.
___ wave is the ventricular repolarization.
Which lead is between the right arm and the right leg?
Which lead is between the right arm and the left leg?
Which lead is between the left arm and the left leg?
How many chest leads are there?
Lub occurs after the ____ wave.
Dub occurs at the beginning of the _____ wave.
What are the 5 different blood vessels?
The _____ is the inner layer that is composed of simple squamous endothelium on a basement membrane and connective tissue.
The ____ is the middle layer that is composed of smooth muscle tissue.
The ____ is the outer layer that is composed of connective tissue.
The ____ are closer to the heart, and allow stretch as blood is pumped into them and recoil when the ventricles relax.
The _____ are farther from the heart, and have more smooth muscle in proportion to diameter. It also has more resistance due to smaller lumina.
The _____ are 20-30 um in diameter.
The ____ have a diameter of 7-10 um.
Smallest blood vessel
_____ are where gases and nutrients are exchanged between the blood and tissue.
_______ capillaries have adjacent cells that are close together. They are found in the muscles, adipose tissue, and CNS.
The ______ capillaries have pores in the vessel wall, and are found in the kidneys, intestines, and endocrine glands.
_____ capillaries have gaps between the cells, and are found n bone marrow, liver, and the spleen. It allows the passage of proteins.
_____ is the muscles surrounding the veins that help pump blood.
Skeletal muscle pumps
_____ ensures one-directional flow of blood.
______ is the flattening of the diaphragm at inhalation increases abdominal cavity pressure in relation to thoracic pressure and moves blood toward the heart.
______ contributes to 50% of the deaths due to heart attack and stroke.
_____ is caused by smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol.
Low density lipoproteins carry ____ to arteries.
High density lipoproteins carry cholesterol away from the arteries to the ____ for metabolism.
______ is now believed to be an inflammatory disease.
_____ is a condition characterized by inadequate oxygen due to reduced blood flow.
The ______ function is to transport excess interstitial fluid from the tissues to the veins, produce and house lymphocytes for the immune response, and transport absorbed fats from intestines to the blood.
The _______ are the smallest vessels in he lymphatic system, and are found within most organs. Interstitial fluids, proteins, fats, and microorganisms can enter here.
The ____ are formed from merging capillaries.
The thoracic trunk an the right lymphatic trunk deliver lymph into the __________.
Right and left subclavian veins
The three organs of the lymphatic system are?
Tonsils, thymus, spleen