What is base of support?
foundation on which a body rests or stands: when a person is stanfing and the space between them define the base of support
What is Biomechanics?
study of the laws of physics, specifically the laws of mechanics as they apply to living bodies at rest and in motion.
What is center of gravity?
hypothetical point around which all mass appears to be concentrated. Located for most people around S2
What are Mobility Muscles?
muscles that are found in four extremities and that are designed for movement.
ex: biceps, hamstrings
What is Orthostatic Hypotenstion?
a drop in blood pressure when a person stands up quickly from a sitting or supine position.
What are stability muscles?
muscles that support the torso and are designed to provide postural stability.
ex: latissimus dorsi, abdominal group, erector spine
What are good body mechanics?
Knees bent shoulder width apart
Hold object close to you
Don’t twist trunk
Push rather than pull
What are the 4 types of wheelchair transfers?
- standby assist
- assisted standing pivot
- two-person lift
- hydraulic lift
What is a standby assist?
wheel chair 45 degree angle to table-pt moves themselves from the wheelchair to table with techs instructions.
What is an assisted standing pivot transfer?
for pts able to bear weight on their legs but cannot move independently. chair at 45 degree angle to table with pts stronger side next to table. pg 151 for list of steps
What is a two person wheelchair lift?
Stronger person lifts pts torso from chair while the other lifts feet and lower limbs. Person lifting torso usually gives the directions.
What are hydraulic lift techniques?
pt should arrive in department with transfer sling. If not then assistance should be requested. Sending a pt back to the floor to return with a sling is better than risking injury to the pt.