ch 18 Flashcards Preview

medical terminology > ch 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in ch 18 Deck (50):
1

hyper-

above

2

gonad/o

sex glands

3

glycol/o

glucose

4

dips/o

thirst

5

-tropic

turning

6

thyr/o

thyroid gland

7

hypo-

below

8

ster/o

solid structure

9

aden/o

gland

10

estr/o

female

11

toxic/o

poison

12

-agon

assemble

13

-in/-ine

substance

14

eu-

good

15

calc/o

calcium

16

cortic/o

cortex

17

tropin

stimulate

18

parathyroid

parathyroid gland

19

-emia

blood condition

20

lact/o

milk

21

home/o

same

22

-uria

urination

23

somat/o

body

24

poly-

many

25

kal/i

potassium

26

myx/o

mucus

27

exocrine gland

send chemicals via ducts

28

endocrine gland

hormone straight into bloodstream

29

thyroid gland

^ metabolism

30

parathyroid gland

-dec./^ blood calcium

31

adrenals cortex

^blood sugar/reabsorp of Na

32

pancreatic gland

dec/^ blood sugar

33

pituitary gland

-^bone and tissue growth
-stim thyoid gland/adrenal cortex
-promotes ovulation/testosterone/breast tissue/ milk
-contractions

34

aldosterone

^ salt reabsorb

35

cortisol

^ blood sugar

36

epinephrine

fight or flight

37

oxytocin

contractions

38

somatotropin

growth hormone

39

crin/o

secrete

40

natr/o

sodium

41

phys/o

growing

42

toc/o

childbirth

43

oxy-

rapid

44

goiter

thyroid enlargement

45

graves disease

bulging eyes

46

adrenal virilism

excessive secretion

47

cushing syndrome

excess cortisol

48

addison disease

hypo function of the adrenal cortex

49

acromelagy

enlargement of extremities

50

exothalamometry

measure eyeballs