Ch. 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 2 Deck (15):
0

What population of an organism has changed over time, and what bad changed?

Horses have changed over time, and they have developed hooves and become bigger

1

What two artifacts from the iceman would you compare with modern day tools?

- The grass in his boots to modern day clothing instillation
- The axe he arrived to a modern day axe

2

What effect might the use of antibacterial soaps might have on the evolution of bacteria?

The antibacterial soap allows the bacteria to adapt and become immune to the antibacteria

3

Inference

A conclusion we can suspect based on evidence

4

Strata

Layers of rock

5

Cultural adaptation/ evolution

Society changing over time

6

Artifact

An old valuable object

7

Homologous structure

A similar structure

8

Evidence

Objects or facts used to explain theories e

9

Species

The population of a particular type of organism

10

Adaptation

A natural selection to increase an organism's chance of survival

11

Bipedal

Having the ability to walk upright on two legs

12

Vestigial

Apparently useless structure

13

Describe the predator prey relationship

There have to be more prey than predator, and the predator eat the prey

14

Charles Darwin's five step natural selection

1. Various exist among individuals if species
2. Some of these variations can be inherited
3. These variations may provide a survival advantage (adaptation)
4. Those who are more successful reproduce more and pass the adaption to their offspring
5. Eventually the adaption is founding the species and has caused the species to change