Ecology Pt. 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ecology Pt. 1 Deck (16):
0

What is the difference between the movement of matter and the movement of energy

Matter- can be reused
Energy- cannot be reused

1

Where do organisms who are not producers get their energy?

They collect their energy from producers or other consumers

2

Why is a food web more realistic model of a real ecosystem than a food chain?

Because not one organism eats one specific thing.

3

What is the difference between a biotic and an abiotic factor in an ecosystem?

- Biotic is a living factor
- Abiotic is non living

4

3 examples of biotic factors in an ecosystem

- humans
- plants
- cows

5

3 examples of abiotic factors in an ecosystem

- rock
- sand
- plastic

6

What are the importance of decomposes in an ecosystem?

If there weren't decomposes then matter wouldn't be recycled and there would be dead things everywhere.
Examples: fungi
bacteria

7

Ecology

The study of the relationship between a species and it's environment

8

Biosphere

An area surrounding earth, where things can live

9

Biome

The environment which can be determined by rainfall and temperature

10

Ecosystem

The community of interacting organisms and their physical environment

11

Community

The population of all species in a certain area

12

Population

The number of species

13

Species

A specific type of organism

14

Producer

A living thing that makes it's own food

15

Consumer

A living thing which gathers it's food from other consumers or producers