Flashcards in Chapter 8 (cellular respiration) Deck (18):
What is the word formula for aerobic respiration?
Glucose + oxygen -> Carbon dioxide + water + energy
What is the chemical formula for aerobic respiration?
C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H2O + 36ATP
What is anaerobic respiration?
Respiration without oxygen
What is the word formula for anaerobic respiration in animals?
glucose -> lactic acid
What is the word formula for anaerobic respiration in some plants and fungi?
glucose -> alcohol
What is the special term we have for this type of respiration?
What is the role of the mitochondrion in respiration?
Respiration occurs in the mitochondrion
What is the role of ATP in living things?
It supplies you with energy
What does ATP stand for?
What is the formula for creation of ATP from ADP?
ADP + P + energy -> ATP
What is the formula for the release of energy from ATP?
ATP -> ADP + P + energy
What are chemical bonds?
Shared pairs of electrons holding two atoms together
What is the role of chemical bonds in energy reactions?
They contain energy
What is an exothermic reaction?
They give off energy
What is an endothermic reaction?
They take in energy
What is the difference between kinetic and potential?
Kinetic energy is used, potential energy is stored
What is the law of conservation of energy?
Can't be created or destroyed