Chapter 7.1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7.1 Deck (25):
1

Mouth

Entry point of food. Digestion of starches begins here.

2

Teeth

Cut, tear, and grind food into smaller pieces to aid digestion.

3

Salivary Glands

Secrete saliva that helps moisten food to aid chewing and swallowing.

4

Tongue

Organ in the mouth used for tasting and swallowing

5

Peristalsis

The constriction and relaxation of the intestine, which push the contents of the canal forward

6

Stomach

The breakdown of proteins

7

Esophagus

Carries food from the pharynx to the stomach

8

HCl

Aids in digestion

9

Villi

Increase the surface area and absorption of substances

10

Pancreas

A large gland behind the stomach that secretes digestive enzymes

11

Liver

Aids in absorption of vitamins, minerals, and sugars, aids in riding itself of poisons and wastes

12

Gall Bladder

Stores biles and releases it into the small intestines when needed

13

Large Intestine

reabsorbs waters, bulks waste

14

Smaller Intestine Lower

Absorption

15

Small Intestine Upper

Digestion

16

Carbohydrates

Provide fuel, the body can use most readily for energy

17

Food

Nutritional substance used to maintain life and growth

18

Nutrition

Food necessary for health

19

Starches

A form of carbohydrates, long chains of simple sugars

20

Fats (lipids)

Long term energy and insulation

21

Proteins

Essential for growth and repairing and maintaining body tissue

22

Fiber

Comes from cellulose (starch) found in plants

23

Vitamins

Work with enzymes to regulate cellular activity

24

Essential Elements

The basic building blocks of matter. They are important to maintain homeostasis

25

Amino Acid

Building blocks of proteins