Flashcards in ch 2 Deck (34):
What are the critical elements of the zeitgeist that lead to the development of mental asylums in the U.S.
shift in causality paradigms
socialization of care/govt provision
Who were the key individuals instrumental to the mental asylum movement?
Phillipe Pinel and John F. Kennedy
holistic; looked at the whole person and not the specific parts
Moral therapy model
What does the moral therapy consist of?
exercise and recreation
Who founded moral therapy?
Compare moral therapy to modern therapeutic approaches?
Moral therapy is more humanistic in its therapy. It doesn't run tests or evaluate the patients' minds but helps them live normally
What are the critical factors in the decay of the asylum movement.?
new generation medication
patient care replaced by financial/admissions requirements
low quality treatment and housing
Who founded the American Psychiatric Association in 1921?
What were the aspects of the Community Mental Health Act & deinstitutionalization?
reliance on family members to care for patients
new medication to stabilize
govt. funded community health centers available for crisis
What was the zeitgeist of the Community Mental Health Act and deinstitutionalization?
decay of mental asylums for financial reasons
development of new gen meds
What was the impact of the Community Mental Health Act and deinstitutionalization?
estavlished the concept of the community health facility
only 700 facilities were built and under-staffed/funded
over 60% of patients did not have family to care for them so became America's homeless
What did Boris Sidis believed to be the key component of psychopathology and what this represents
Fear is the key component of psychopathology
He thinks it represents the root of mental illness
He wanted to measure the mind to determine what makes a 'normal mind'.They were used in a breadth of public spetrums from college entrance to world expositions to clinical laboratories. Ended up in mental hospitals.
Jean McKeen Cattell
How did James McKeen Cattell impact psych
formed the basis of clinical psych.
He opened the first psych clinic in the US. Went up to APA and told them how psych needs to be applied to medicine and education. Credited for school psych. Developed the clinical method
The movement where psychologists can determine academic potential
Intelligence testing movement
What was the significance of the intelligence testing movement?
Produced correlation with school performance as measured by grades
used with feebleminded and indicated dfference in performance among those children
What was the role/impact of intelligence testing movement?
focal role for psychologists from 1908-1916
Who were the key individuals in the intelligence testing movement?
Henry Herbert Goddard
What was the impact of the pseudo-psychologies on the organizational development of professional psychology
The public couldn't differentiate between pseudo-psycholgists and psychologists so it prompted them to have some kind of certification
What was the motivation for J.E. Wallace Wallin to form the AACP
how the public was stupid and couldn't tell the diff between the reals and the fakes
What was the result (or desired impact) when forming the AACP?
Wanted a state licensure status for psychologists, approved training sites, and the min standards necessary to be a psychologist
Helped with the rise of psych
led 2 large scale intelligence tests in the army
Walter Dill Scott
Post WWI views/beliefs of cause/development of ‘Shell Shock’
people are weak
Connection w Psychology and the war
The war opened more opportunities and given a rise to psychology because of the soldiers' mental health
The VA used psychologists to provide what type of services?
development/creation of the boulder model
where several psychologists got together for 2 weeks and decide what criteria is needed to be a psychologist
content of the boulder model
identified core skills beyong the doctoral in psych training
1 yr internship
purpose of the boulder model
to create a credential for psychologists
process by which a title is protected
more encompassing; protects title and defines a list of practices that make up a particular profession
Psychologist stationed at the army hospital in Pittsburg, VA. He reported that the soldiers had been diagnosed shell shock. Later renamed PTSD.
He was not a psychiatrist but rather a neurologist He acknowledged the value of psychology is the medical arena. He was also interested in psychopathology. Wrote Journal of Abnormal Psychology in 1906 and the famous book The Dissociation of a Personality in 1905. He opened Harvard's first psych clinic and put it in the philosophy department because he pushed against medicine.