Ch 4: Nervous System, Eyes and Ears Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch 4: Nervous System, Eyes and Ears > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 4: Nervous System, Eyes and Ears Deck (82)
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1

encephal-o

Nervous System

the brain

2

rhinencephalon

rhin-encephal-on

the part of the brain involvign the nose

3

poliomyeloencephalitis

poli-o-myel-o-encephal-itis

the inflammation of the brain, involving the spinal cord and grey matter

4

cerebr-o

Nervous System

The brain; the cerebrum

5

craniocerebral

crani-o-cerebr-al

p.t. the brain, and/involving the skull

6

cerebell-o

Nervous System

literally means little brain

7

spinocerebellum

spin-o-cerebell-um

the part of the cerebellum involving the spine

8

membran-o

Nervous System

membrane

9

musculomembranous

muscul-o-membran-ous

p.t. (a/the) membrane(s) of muscle(s)

10

membraneous

membran-e-ous

p.t. (a/the) membrane(s)

11

mening-o

p.t. (a/the) membrane(s) of muscle(s)

meninges

membrane covering the brain and the spinal cord

3 layers: dura mater, arachnoid and pia mater

12

meningitis

mening-itis

the inflammation of the meninges

13

neur-o

p.t. (a/the) membrane(s) of muscle(s)

nerve

14

neurosis

neur-osis

an abnormal condition involving the nerves

an abnormal condition involving the emotions

15

nerv-i

nerve

16

nervous system

nerv-ous system

the system p.t. the nerves

17

ophthalm-o

eye

18

ophthalmologist

ophthalm-o-log-ist

one who studies the eye(s)

19

opt(ic)

eye

20

optical

optic-al

p.t. an/the eye(s)

21

optometrist

opt-o-metr-ist

one who measures (something involving ) the eyes

22

optic nerve

opt-ic nerve

a/the nerve p.t. an/the eye(s)

23

cor-e

pupil

24

cor(s)-o

pupil

25

corectomy

cor-ectomy

the cutting out of something involving the pupil

26

pupill-o

pupil

27

pupillometry

the measurement of (something involving) a/the pupil(s)

28

ker(at)-o

cornea

from greek

29

corne-o

cornea

from latin

30

keratomalacia

kerat-o-malacia

the softening of a/the cornea(s)

31

corneamandibular reflex

corne-o-mandibul-ar reflex

a reflex p.t. the lower jaw, involving the cornea

32

scler-o

the sclera

33

sclerotomy

scler-o-tomy

the cutting of the sclera

34

dacry-o

tear

greek

35

lacrim-o

tear

roman

36

lacrimonasal

lacrim-o-nas-al

p.t. the nose, involving tears

37

rhinodacryolith

rhin-o-dacry-o-lith

a calculus involving tears, involving the nose

38

tympan-o

middle ear

39

malle-o

hammer or malleus

40

incud-o

anvil or incus

41

staped(i)-0

stirrup or stapes

42

myring-o-

tympanic membrane

43

melotrophologist

mel-o-troph-o-log-ist – one who studies the
growth/nourishment of the limbs

44

cytopathogeneticist

cyt-o-path-o-genet-icist – one who specializes in the science of
the production of diseases of cells

45

otitic cephalagra

ot-it-ic cephal-agra – gouty pain in the head, p.t. the
inflammation of the ears

46

cephalicotomy

cephal-ic-o-tomy – the cutting of something p.t. the head

47

blepharostatogen

blephar-o-stat-o-gen – a substance which produces the
stopping of the eyelids

48

epidermomalacia

epiderm-o-malacia – the softening of the epidermis

49

rhinostomize

rhin-ostom-ize – to make an opening in the nose

50

cephalorhinoplasty

cephal-o-rhin-o-plasty – the surgical repairing of the nose,
involving the head

51

ophthalmocentetic

ophthalm-o-centet-ic – p.t. the surgical puncturing of the eyelids

52

somotogenous
– somatogenous

som-ot-o-genous – produced by an abnormal condition involving
the body
– somat-o-genous – produced by the body

53

rhinolithiastic

rhin-o-lith-iast-ic – p.t. the abnormal presence of a calculus in the
nose

54

blepharalectomic

rhin-o-lith-iast-ic – p.t. the abnormal presence of a calculus in the
nose

55

ophthalmomalacogenic

ophthalm-o-malac-o-genic – producing the softening of the
eyes

56

trichocytin

trich-o-cyt-in – a substance of the cells of (something
involving) hair

57

otoptotic

ot-o-ptot-ic – p.t. the downward displacement of the ears

58

omphalodermocyte

omphal-o-derm-o-cyte – a cell of the skin of the navel

59

epidermotodysplasia

epiderm-ot-o-dysplasia – the defective formation of something
involving an abnormal condition involving the epidermis

60

cephalotrichia

cephal-o-trich-ia – an abnormal condition involving the hair of
the head

61

arthrodynometric

arthr-odyn-o-metr-ic – p.t. the measurement of pain in the joints

62

meloacrodermitic

mel-o-acr-o-derm-it-ic – p.t. the inflammation of the skin of the
extremities of the limbs

63

craniatrics

cran-iatr-ics – the science of the healing of the skull

64

brachiosseopexy (therapeutic)

brachi-osse-o-pexy – the fixation of the bones of an arm

65

onychacroplastic incision (therapeutic)

onych-acr-o-plast-ic incision – an incision p.t. the surgical
repairing of the extremities of the nails

66

trichocytoplasia

trich-o-cyt-o-plasia – the formation of the cells of hair

67

myosotropic substance

myos-o-tropic substance – a substance preferentially affecting
the muscles

68

melokineticist

mel-o-kinet-icist – one who specializes in the science of the
movement of the limbs

69

chondrinostotogenic drug

chondr-in-ostot-o-genic drug – a drug producing the
ossification of a substance of cartilage

70

keratostomy

kerat-o-stomy – the making of an opening in a cornea

71

blepharoscopist

blephar-o-scop-ist – one who examines the eyelids

72

podalectomize

pod-al-ectom-ize – to cut out something p.t. a foot

73

arthralonecrotic condition

arthr-al-o-necrot-ic condition – a condition p.t. the
death of something p.t. the joints

74

cephalicagra

cephal-ic-agra – gouty pain in something p.t. the head

75

neurotomalgic problem

neur-o-tom-alg-ic problem – a problem p.t. pain involving the
cutting of a nerve

76

dacryogenetic disorder

dacry-o-genet-ic disorder – a disorder p.t. the production of tears

77

tendinorrhectogenous syndrome

tendin-o-rrhect-o-genous syndrome – a syndrome produced by
the rupturing of a tendon

78

dermoticomalacia

derm-ot-ic-o-malacia – the softening of something p.t. an
abnormal condition involving the skin

79

otoplegic reaction

ot-o-pleg-ic reaction – a reaction p.t. the paralysis of an ear

80

omphalotiastic infection

omphal-ot-iast-ic infection – an infection p.t. the abnormal
presence of an abnormal condition involving the navel

81

cervicalorrhea

cervic-al-o-rrhea – the flowing of (something from) something
p.t. the neck/cervix

82

rhinoprosopoptosis

rhin-o-prosop-o-ptosis – the downward displacement of the
face, involving the nose