Ch 3: Musculoskeletal System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 3: Musculoskeletal System Deck (79)
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1

oste-o

Musculoskeletal System

bone

x-ostosis = the ossification of x

crani-ostosis = the ossification of the skull

crani-oste-osis = an abnormal condition involving a/the bone(s) of the skull

2

combining forms for bone

oste-

osse-

oss-

not -os

skelet-os-genic = producing something p.t. the skeleton

=> this -os is actually the latin form of the English adjectival termination-ous, used as a combining form

3

skelet-o

Musculoskeletal System

the skeleton

4

cleid-o

Musculoskeletal System

collar bone

clavicul-o, calv(ic)-i => collar bone

cleid-itis = the inflammation of a/the collar bone(s)

claid-al-o-rrhexis = the rupturing of something p.t a/the collar bone(s)

5

acromi-o

Musculoskeletal System

acromion

acromi-o-plasty = the surdical repairing of an acromion

acr-om-o-plast = the surgical repairing of the extremities of a shoulder

(same thing)

6

corac(oid)-o

xiph(oid)-o

Musculoskeletal System

coracoid process = so called because it resembles the beak of a raven (lat = corax)

the xiphoid process = so called because is resembles a sword (greek , xiphos)

here, the term process refers to something that proceeds or sticks out from the skeleton

7

cubit-o

Musculoskeletal System

elbow

8

ancon-o

Musculoskeletal System

elbow

9

carp-o

Musculoskeletal System

wrist

carp-al = p.t. a/the wrist(s)

10

phalang-o

Musculoskeletal System

phalanges

phalang-itis = the inflammation of the phalanges

11

rach(i)-o

Musculoskeletal System

spine

12

rach(i)-o

Musculoskeletal System

spine

13

rachiodysplasia

Musculoskeletal System

rachi-o-dysplasia

the defective formation of the spine

14

myel-o

Musculoskeletal System

the spinal cord

bone marrow

15

myel-o-dysplast-ic

myel-o-dysplast-ic

==>p.t. the defective formation of the spinal cord

==>p.t. the defective formation of (the) bone marrow

=/=>p.t. the defective surgical repairing of the spinal cord

=/=>p.t.the defective surgical repairing of (the) bone marrow

->Medical terminology (of the sort we are learning) never refers to botched therapeutic procedures

16

spondyl-o

Musculoskeletal System

vertebra

myel-o-spondyl-itis

=> the inflammation of a vertebra of the spinal cord

=> the inflammation of a vertebra, involving/and (the) bone marrow

17

cost-o

Musculoskeletal System


rib

18

cost-i

Musculoskeletal System


rib

19

vertebra costalis

vertebr-a cost-al-is

=> a/the vertebra p.t. a/the rib(s)

latin

20

x-o-muscul-us

a/the muscle of x (singular)

21

x-o-muscul-i-

the muscles of x (plural)

22

x-o-dermis

the skin of x (singular)

23

x-o-membran-a

a/the membrane of x (singular)

24

x-o-membran-ae

the membranes of x (plural)

25

otocranium

ot-o-crani-um

=/=> the skull of the ears

=/=>the skull, involving the ears

=/=>the skull and the ears

==> the part of the skull involving the ears

For more on this construction, see page 79 of the textbook (chapter 4) and medterm.ca video #24

26

cheirocarpus

cheir-o-carp-us

the part of the wrist involving the hand

27

cheirocarpal

cheir-o-carp-al

=/=>p.t.the part of the wrist involving the hand

The “part of x involving y” construction seen above applies to compound nouns, not adjectives.

==> p.t. the wrist and/involving the hand

28

cox-o

Musculoskeletal System

hip

os cox-al-e

=> the bone p.t. the hip(s)

29

pub-o

Musculoskeletal System

the pubis

30

pub-i

Musculoskeletal System

the pubis

31

sacr-o

Musculoskeletal System

the sacrum

32

patell-o

Musculoskeletal System

knee-cap

from latin patella

33

patellalgia

patell-algia

pain in a knee-cap

34

chondr-o

Musculoskeletal System

cartilage

35

cartilag(in)-o-

cartilage

36

chondrinosis

chondr-in-osis

an abnormal condition involving a substance of cartilage

37

cartilaginosis

cartilagin-osis

an abnormal condition involving cartilage

38

my-o

Musculoskeletal System

muscle

39

myos-o

Musculoskeletal System

muscle

40

myosotis

mouse ear

a type of plant

...Huard Y?

41

myos-o-genous

produced by (a/the) muscle(s)

42

muscul-us at-al-is

a/the muscle p.t. an/the ear(s)

43

vertebra thoracica

latin

vertebr-a thorac-ic-a – a/the vertebra p.t. the chest

44

vertebra cervicalis

latin

vertebr-a cervic-al-is – a/the vertebra p.t. the neck

45

os carpale

latin


os carp-al-e – a/the bone p.t. the wrist

46

os thoracicum

latin

os thorac-ic-um – a/the bone p.t. the chest

47

os cervicale

latin

os cervic-al-e – a/the bone p.t. the neck

48

cephalaroid

cephal-ar-oid – resembling something p.t. the head

49

blepharotomogenous

blephar-o-tom-o-genous – produced by the cutting
of an eyelid

50

demoticoplastia

see notes ch 3

derm-ot-ic-o-plast-ia
 an abnormal condition involving the formation of something p.t. an
abnormal condition involving the skin (diagnostic)

see notes

51

prosopoptototomal

prosop-optot-o-tom-al – p.t. the cutting of something
involving the downward displacement of the face

52

cartilaginostotic

cartilagin-ostot-ic – p.t. the ossification of cartilage

53

desmodysplasia

desm-o-dysplasia – the defective formation of a/the
ligament(s)

54

cubitobrachium

cubit-o-brachi-um – the part of the arm involving the
elbow

55

anconosis

ancon-osis – an abnormal condition involving an elbow

56

carpalotherapy

carp-al-o-therapy – treatment by means of something
p.t. the wrists

57

prosopomalacostasis

prosop-o-malac-o-stasis – the stopping of the
softening of the face

58

blepharaledematous

blephar-al-edemat-ous – p.t. the swelling of
something p.t. the eyelids

59

ophthalmomusculus

ophthalm-o-muscul-us – a muscle of an eye

60

coracoptotoscope

corac-o-ptot-o-scope – an instrument for examining
the downward displacement of the coracoid process

61

cyticographize

cyt-ic-o-graph-ize – to record something p.t. the cells

62

podalotalgic

pod-al-ot-alg-ic – p.t. pain involving an abnormal
condition involving something p.t. the feet

63

cranialoscleroticist

crani-al-o-sclerot-icist – one who specializes in the
science of the hardening of something p.t. the skull

64

otodermis

ot-o-dermis – the skin of the ears

65

osteoplastoid (from x-o-plasia)

oste-o-plast-oid – resembling the formation of bone

66

dermatocele

dermat-o-cele – the protrusion of (something
through) the skin

67

arthralocentetist

arthr-al-o-centet-ist - one who surgically punctures something
p.t. the joints

68

onychitic

onych-it-ic – p.t. the inflammation of something involving the
nails

69

astragalomegalodynia

astragal-o-megal-odynia – pain involving the enlargement of
the talus

70

coxalorrhectogenous

cox-al-o-rrhect-o-genous – produced by the rupturing of
something p.t. the hips

71

omphalorrhagolytic (diagnostic)

omphal-o-rrhag-o-lyt-ic – p.t. the disintegration of something
involving the rapid flowing of something from the navel

72

facialasthenia

faci-al-asthenia – the lack of strength of something p.t. the face

73

syndesmopathicopenia

syndesm-o-path-ic-o-penia – a deficiency of something p.t. a
disease of the ligaments

74

tendinorrheogenic

tendin-o-rrhe-o-genic – producing the flowing of something from
a/the tendon(s)

75

rhinolithologic

rhin-o-lith-o-log-ic – p.t. the study of the calculi/calculuses
in(volving) the nose
 The plural of “calculus” may be “calculuses” (English) or “calculi”
(Latin).

76

cephalicoplegia

cephal-ic-o-plegia – the paralysis of something p.t. the head

77

myosiatric

myos-iatr-ic – p.t. the healing of a/the muscle(s)

78

trachelagrosis

trachel-agr-osis – an abnormal condition
involving gouty pain in the neck

79

otokineticocyte

ot-o-kinet-ic-o-cyte – a cell of something p.t. the
movement of an/the ear(s)