Flashcards in Ch. 44 Disorders of Musculoskeletal Function: Rheumatic Disorders Deck (38)
What systemic inflammatory disease attacks the lining of the joints?
RA affects males or females more?
Can RA last a lifetime?
Can RA have remission?
What are the most common symptoms of RA?
In which disease do WBCs attack the synovium?
The causes of RA are unknown but what may be a possible predisposition?
The joint loses shape and becomes destroyed in what disease?
RA is systemic but also localized to what?
What are joint manifestations of RA?
What is one of the most common joints affected by RA?
What are the extra-articular (other than the joint) manifestations of RA?
-Anorexia/ weight loss
What is the ultimate treatment goal of RA?
decrease pain, stiffness, swelling, and increase mobility
A client is in acute phase of RA. Which of the following should the nurse identify as lowest priority in the plan of care?
Maintaining usual ways of accomplishing tasks
Osteoarthritis (OA) is what type of disease?
Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD)
What is the most common form of arthritis?
The cause of primary OA is what?
What is the secondary cause of OA?
OA can affect any joint but primarily affects which joints?
Inflammation caused when cartilage attempts to repair itself in OA causes what?
Osteophytes (bone spurs)
What are the manifestations of OA?
-Pain that progressively worsens
-Crepitus and grinding
Which of the following should the nurse assess when completing the history and physical examination of a client diagnosed with OA?
Local joint pain
What is the name for crystal-induced arthropathies?
Gout is caused by what?
Uric acid stones (essentially build up of waste products which move to the joint)
Gout affects who primarily?
Men 40-60 y/o
What increased lab values will there be if someone has gout?
Serum uric acid levels
Cellulitis and Gout present similarly, what is the determining observable factor?
Cellulitis would have a wound
What are the manifestations of gout precipitated by:
To diagnose gout would the patient have hyperuricemia?