Flashcards in Ch. 36 Disorders of Neuromuscular Function Deck (36)
Which autoimmune disease lacks acetylcholine?
What are the signs and symptoms of Myasthenia Gravis?
-Muscle weakness pronounced more proximal the distal parts
-Ptosis (eyelid drooping)
-Diplopia (double vision)
-Potential for respiratory weakness
-Symptoms worsen throughout the day
What are the treatments for Myasthenia Gravis?
In myasthenia gravis, periods of stress can produce myasthenia crisis. When does myasthenia crisis occur?
-When muscle weakness becomes sufficiently severe to compromise ventilation
What is any primary disorder of the peripheral nerves called?
Can peripheral neuropathy involve a single nerve or multiple nerves?
What is single nerve peripheral neuropathy called?
What is multiple nerve peripheral neuropathy called?
What syndrome is the compression of the medial nerve?
Carpa Tunnel Syndrome
Is carpal tunnel syndrome a mononeuropathy or a polyneuropathy?
What are signs and symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome?
-Numbness of the first two and one half digits of the hand
-Pain in the wrist and hand
What are carpal tunnel syndrome treatments?
-Avoid movements that cause pain
-Anti inflammatory meds
Is Guillain Barre a mononeuropathy or a polyneuropathy?
What syndrome is an autoimmune disorder which causes rapidly progressive limb weakness and loss of tendon reflexes?
Guillain -Barre Syndrome
What are the causes of Guillain-Barre Syndrome?
-2/3 report acute influenza like an illness prior to the disease
-Streptococcal infection has been linked along with other bacteria
Does Guillain-Barre Syndrome start at the feet and works its way up?
What are Guillain-Barre signs and symptoms?
-Progressive ascending muscle weakness or the limbs
-Symmetric Flaccid Paralysis
What may paralysis in Guillain -Barre Syndrome progress to involve?
Where do patients with Guillain-Barre Syndrome have pain?
What is the treatment for Guillain-Barre Syndrome?
-High dose IV immunoglobulin therapy
What percent of Guillain-Barre patients make a full recovery?
What common disorder of the basal ganglia is there in the elderly?
What is Parkinson Disease cause by?
A reduction in dopamine
What are the cardinal manifestations of Parkinson Disease (Parkinsonism)?
What are nonpharmologic treatments for Parkinson Disease?
What are pharmacological treatments for Parkinson Disease?
Antiparkinson drugs to increase function of dopamine system
What disorder affects the upper motor neuron?
What is the name of a demyelinating disease of the CNS?
What are causes of Multiple Sclerosis?
-Living in northern latitude areas
-Low Vit D levels