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Flashcards in Ch 6 Deck (27):
1

WHat is a somatic cell?

Any cell in a multicellular organism except sperm or egg cells.

2

What is cloning?

A group of genetically identical individuals.

3

Where the center of the chromosomes attach is known as?

Centromere

4

How many chromosomes are in a human somatic cell and what do we call that?

46 DIPLOID

5

What is loosely wrapped DNA?

Chromatin

6

When the DNA has yet to split but is in its x formation it is known as what?

Sister Chromatids

7

How many chromosomes in a gamete human cell?

23 HAPLOID

8

What is a non reproductive cell called?

Somatic

9

What is a tightly wrapped DNA?

Chromasome

10

Non dividing cells have DNA in what form?

chromatin

11

WHat does ploidy mean?

Refers to number of chromosomes either diploid or haploid

12

What is Budding in reference to asexual reproduction?

The formation of a new organism by the protrusion of part of another organism. Has same genetic info as parent but was essentially PINCHED OFF.

13

WHat are the gene carrying structures found in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells?

Chromosomes

14

3 TYPES of Cellular Division?

Binary Fission
Mitosis
Meiosis

15

What is amplexus?

When the man latches on

16

The production of offspring that are exact copies of the parent is known as what?>

Asexual Reproduction.

17

What are homologous chromosomes?

Very similar but dont carry identical information. carry same genes but different alleles/

18

What is the first thing a dividing cell do?

Make a copy of its DNA

19

What is pathenogenisis?

occurs in females where growth and development of embryos or seeds occurs without fertilization by males.

20

Alternative version of genes?

Alleles

21

3 functions of Cellular Division?

1. Reproduction
2. Growth and development
3. TIssue Renewal

22

The discrete unit of heridity info consistin of a specific nucleotide sequence in DNA.

Genes

23

How are cancer cells different from normal cells?

1 Divide when they should not.
2 Invade surrounding tissues
3 Can move to other locations

24

WHat are BRCA1 and BRCA2?

Genes that, when working properly help prevent the formastion of tumors by producing proteins that maintain DNA function.

25

How does binary fission work in asexual reproduction?

The organism splits directly into to equal offspring, each with a copy of the original DNA.

26

What is a gamete?

a reproductive cell like sperm or egg

27

What is an egg or sperm cell called?

A gamete?