What subphase is when cell size increases in interphase?
A requirement that a cell must be attached to a substratum in order to divide.
What is a display of the chromosome pairs of a cell arranged by size and shape
What unwinds DNA ahead of replication fork?
What includes genes that determine the individuals ex?
What is the complete set of an organisms genes known as?
The process of nuclear division that results in 2 diploid cells
What unzips DNA strands?
The synthesis of two daughter DNA molecules from one original parent molecule is caLLED
where do light reactions occur?
What is the phase of meiosis that may or may not happen and results in a a second round of prophase, metaphase and all that shit?
What is the organelles that is the site for preotein synthesis?
What phase of mitosis is when the nuclear envelope begins to break down and microtubules attach to chromosomes?
Which phase results in bigger cell size and replication of DNA?
when two original strands of the molecule separate, and each strand acts as a template for the synthesis of a new complementary strand it is known as what?
semi conservative replication
What phase of mitosis do chromosomes line up in a line at the center of a cell?
the process of nuclear division that results in four haploid cells?
what is meiosis
Phases of mitosis and order?
Interphase Prophase (condensing the dna) Metaphase (middle phase, lining up the dna) Anaphase (away ohase where the dna begins to split) Telophase (gettiong really split that u need a telophone to call the other chromosomes) Cytokinesis a seperate membrane forms
synapsis of chromosomes occurs during
The phase of mitosis when sister chromatids are seperated?
Stabilizes the replication fork so replication an occur?
Single Stranded DNA binding proteins
Normal animal cell that stop dividing when they come into contact with one another is because of what?
Density dependent Inhibition
Where does citric acid cycle occur?
Where does glycolysis occur?
A mutated gene that can cause cancer is called what?>
What are homologous chromosomes?
basically two identical chromosomes
genetic exchange of small segments of DNA between non identical chromatids
What is crossing over
What does it mean to be heterozygous?
It means it has two different alleles
What are the 3 sub phases of interphase?
G1 G2 AND S
Which phase of mitosis is the longest ?
What is the movement of material from an area of hisgh to low concentration?
Diffusion or passive transport
When one half of daughter DNA is conserved from parent strand and the other is a new daughter strand, what do we call that?
Semi conservative replication
The nuclear division of a diploid cell that results in four haploid cells?
What organelle aids in intracellular digestion?
A process that creates new alleles to affect genetic diversity in a population?
What subphase of interphase is when DNA is replicated?
What is the term that describes a trait that is controlled by m,any genes?
Dna is copied during what phase?
The S phase of interphase
WHat happens that creates nuclear division in two identical diploid daughter cells?
Nucleotides are added on to the 3 end by what?
Division of the cytoplasm happens in what phase of mitosis?
The phase of mitosis hwen nuclear envelope begins to reform and chromosomes condense?
_____is the functional segment of a chromosome. _______ are the expression
chromatids remain attached to one another until anaphase
How does it end up having variations in offspring?
reshuffling or alleles
When homologous pairs are formed in prophase 1, what is that called?
When chromosome align at middle of cell, what phase is we in of mitosis?