Flashcards in Ch. 6 - Casts Deck (19)
These are the only elements found in the urinary sediment that are unique to the kidney.
Casts are formed within the lumens of the _____
Distal convoluted tubules
Examination under the microscope of sediments for the identification of casts is performed using what type of objective?
Major constituents of casts
A glycoprotein secreted by the RTE cells
Term used to describe the presence of urinary casts
What is the most frequently seen cast?
Pathologically, hyaline casts are increased during _____
Chronic renal disease
Congestive heart failure
Hyaline casts produces what color when stained with Sternheimer-Malbin stain?
Presence of ____ casts shows bleeding within the nephron. These are primarily associated with damage to glomerulus (glomerulonephritis).
RBC casts associated with glomerular damage are usually associated with what diseases?
Presence of ____ casts in the urine signifies infection or inflammation within the nephron
WBC casts are most frequently associated with what disease?
This type of cast contains bacilli both within and bound to the protein matrix and is seen in pyelonephritis
Casts containing RTE cells represents the presence of _____, producing urinary stasis along with disruption of tubular linings.
Advanced tubular destruction
Casts seen in conjugation with oval fat bodies and free fat droplets in disorders causing lipiduria.
Fatty casts are most frequently associated with the _____.
Casts that are representative of extreme urine stasis, indicating chronic renal failure.