Ch 9 Social Interaction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 9 Social Interaction Deck (49)
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1

Status

Position in society that is used to classify someone

2

Ascribed status

One that is given involuntarily - based on factors such as race, ethnicity, gender, and family background

3

Achieved status

Gained as a result of one’s efforts or choices

4

Master status

Status by which a person is most identified; typically most important status and affects all aspects of life; may cause pigeonholing (viewing ind only through lens of master status)

5

Role

Set of beliefs, values, attitudes and norms that define expectations for those who hold the status

6

Role performance

Carrying out of behaviors associated with role

7

Role partner

Person with whom one is interacting

8

Role set

Various roles associated with a status

9

Role conflict

Difficulty satisfying requirements and expectations of multiple roles

10

Role strain

Difficulty satisfying multiple expectations of the same role

11

Role exit

Dropping of one identity for another

12

Group

Two or more people who share similar characteristics and a sense of unity.
Difference between social group and just a group of people

13

In-group

Groups to which an ind belongs

14

Outgroup

Group with which ind competes or is in opposition

15

Reference groups

Groups that establish the terms by which inds evaluate themselves

16

Primary group

Direct interactions, close bonds intimate relationships with members

17

Secondary group

Superficial interactions with few emotional bonds. Often temporary

18

Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft

Tonnies’s theory is “community and society”.
Gemeinschaft (community) refers to groups unified by feelings of togetherness due to shared belief, ancestry or geography.
Gesellschaft (society) refers to groups formed because of mutual self-interests working toward the same goal

19

Interaction process analysis

Technique for observing l, classifying and measuring the interactions within small groups.
Revised to system for multiple level observation of groups (SYMLOG)

20

System of multiple level observation of groups (SYMLOG)

Based on the belief that there are three fundamental dimensions of interaction: dominance vs. submission, friendliness vs. unfriendliness, and instrumentally controlled vs. emotionally expressive

21

Group conformity

Group holds power over its members creating group pressure that ultimately shapes members’ behavior. Compliant even when the group goals are in direct contrast to personal goals

22

Network

Describes the observable pattern of social relationships among inds or groups. Patterns determined by mapping interactions. Benefits and constraints or obligations

23

Immediate networks

Dense with strong ties

24

Distant networks

Looser and contain weaker ties

25

Organizations

Entities that are set up to achieve specific goals and are characterized by having a structure and a culture

26

Formal organizations

Different from groups - continue despite the departure of an ind member; expressed goals generally in written format; characterized by the hierarchical allotment of formal roles or duties to members. These can be quite large

27

Characteristic institution

This changes throughout history. Once clans or family. Now the bureaucracy

28

Bureaucracy

Rational system of political organization, administration, discipline and control. Generally six characteristics: paid, nonelected officials on fixed salary, officials who are provided rights and privileges as a result of making their career out of holding office, regular salary increases seniority rights or promotions upon passing exams or milestones; officials who enter by holding advanced degree or training, responsibilities obligations rigidly defined by organization, responsibility for meeting the demands of one’s position. Slow to change and less efficient

29

Iron law of oligarchy

Democratic or bureaucratic systems naturally shift to being riled by an elite group. Because of need for few to carry out assignments and need for specialization

30

McDonaldization

Commonly used to refer to a shift in focus toward efficiency, predictability l, calculability, and control in societies