Ch 8 Social Processes, Attitudes And Behaviors Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 8 Social Processes, Attitudes And Behaviors Deck (71)
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1

Max Weber

Important sociologist - coined social act - acts that person is conscious of and doing because others are there

2

Micheangelo phenomenon

Interpersonal self - the influence others have on your ideal self
Intrapersonal self - my ideal self

3

Social facilitation

Tendency to perform simple tasks better when others are around

4

Yerkes Dodson law of social facilitation

Being in presence of others raises arousal significantly which enhances ability to perform tasks one is good at and hinders complex tasks

5

Deindividuation

Social phenomenon - individual actions different in large groups due to anonymity

6

Antinormative behavior

Behavior against the norm - deindividuation often causes this

7

Bystander effect

No help given when others are present

8

Social loafing

Tendency of individuals to put in less effort when in a group setting than individually

9

Peer pressure

Social influence placed on ind by group of people other than self
Peers are those considered equal within social group

10

Identity shift effect

When threatened by social rejection ind will conform but then feel internal conflict about it because behavior is outside of normal character. To eliminate internal conflict ind shifts identity to adopt standards of the group

11

Cognitive dissonance

Simultaneous presence of two opposing thoughts or opinions

12

Solomon Asch

Performed conformity experiment - card with three lines with one matching a second card of one line. When actors said incorrect line matched up to 1/3 participants chose wrong. When actors chose right less than 1% got it wrong.

13

Social interaction

Ways two or more inds can shape each other’s behavior

14

Group polarization

Tendency of groups to choose extremes compared to ind ideas and persuasions win group

15

Choice shift

Same as group polarization but group polarization refers to ind shift while this refers to whole group
Formerly risky shift

16

Groupthink

Desire for harmony leads group to poor decision.
Denies outside opinion

17

Irving Janis

First research on groupthink in 1970s. Studied extreme stress affects on cohesiveness and groupthink. Examined 8 factors indicative of groupthink

18

Illusion of invulnerability

Creation of optimism and encouragement of risk raking (groupthink)

19

8 factors of groupthink (Janis)

Illusion of invulnerability
Collective rationalization
Illusion of morality
Excessive stereotyping
Pressure for conformity
Self censorship
Illusion of unanimity
Mindguards

20

Collective rationalization

Ignoring warnings against idea of group (groupthink)

21

Illusion of morality

Groupthink - belief group’s decisions are morally correct

22

Excessive stereotyping

Groupthink - construction of stereotypes against outside opinions

23

Pressure for conformity

In groupthink - pressure put on anyone in the group who expresses opinions against group viewing opinions as disloyal

24

Self censorship

In groupthink - withholding of opposing views

25

Illusion of unanimity

In groupthink - false sense of agreement win the group

26

Mindguards

In groupthink- appointment of members to role of protecting against opposing views

27

Culture

beliefs, behaviors, actions, and characteristics of a group or society of people. Learned by living within a society

28

Assimilation

Process by which an ind’s or group’s behavior and culture begin to resemble that of another group. Usually not an even bend.
Assess completeness of assimilation by socioeconomic status, geographic distribution, language attainment, and intermarriage.
Melting pot

29

Ethnic enclaves

Locations (usually neighborhoods) with a high concentration of one specific ethnicity

30

Multiculturalism

Communities or societies containing multiple cultures.
Positive - contrasted to assimilation
Cultural mosaic