Champagne Flashcards Preview

CSW Exam - Round 2 > Champagne > Flashcards

Flashcards in Champagne Deck (33):
1

Main vineyards North to South

Montagne de Reims
Vallee de la Marne
Cote de Blancs
Cote de Sezzane
Cote des Bar

2

Main soil type?

Kimmeridgian

3

Main grape varieties

Chardonnay
Pinot Noir
Pinot Meunier

4

What is Non-Vintage?

Blend of vintages
Minimum 1 year on the lees in the bottle
15 months in cellar

3/4 of all Champagne

5

What is Vintage?

Minimum 3 years on the lees in the bottle
Only best years

6

Champagnes: Dry to Sweet

Brut Nature-Sans Dosage
Extra Brut
Brut
Extra Dry/Extra Sec
Sec
Demi-Sec
Doux

7

VIllage Classification System

Eschelle des Crus

Grand Cru - 17
Premier Cru - 44
296 of the rest

8

Methode Traditionale Steps

Blending
Secondary Fermentation - Liqueur De Tirage
Lees Aging - Sur Lie
Riddling - Remuage
Disgorging - Desgorgement
Dosage - Liqueur D' Expidition
Bottle Aging

9

Liqueur de Tirage?

Yeast and sugar used to start secondary fermentation.

10

Liqueur de Expedition?

Replace lost wine and determine sweetness.

11

Tank Method/Charmat

Blending
Secondary Fermentation( IN TANK)Liqueur De Tirage
Lees Aging - Sur Lie
Wine racked and filtered
Dosage - Liqueur D' Expidition
No Bottle Aging

12

Champagne Bottle Sizes

Quarter/Split
Half Bottle/Demi
Bottle
Magnum
Jerobaum
Rehobaum
Methuselah
Salmanzar
Balthazar
Nebuchadnezzar

13

3 grades of juice?

Cuvee - First Pressing
Taille - Later Pressings
Rebeche - Left overs

14

Assemblage...

Blending

15

Debourbage...

Juice Settling

16

Pupitre...

Riddling Rack

17

Mousse...

Foam

18

Petillant...

Slightly Sparkling

19

Saignee

Bleed
Run off juice from red grapes to make a rose

20

Transversage

Transfer between bottles

21

Prise de Mousse

setting the foam second fermentation

22

Reserve

Still wine earlier vintage

23

Prestige Cuvee, Tete de Cuvee, Cuvee Speciale…

Exceptional Fruit, Best of Press

24

Blanc de Blancs…

Wine from White Grapes only

25

Blanc de Noir…

White wine from Red Grapes, Pale Hue used red grapes only

26

Rose…

Saignee, or red wine in blend or red in wine Liqueur d'Expedition Dosage

27

Champagne Apellation

only ONE sparkling wine; Champagne AOC

28

Champagne Trade

Traditional winemaking properties "Houses"
Produce 2/3rds of Wine
Own grapes, but mostly buy grapes from many independent growers
Make and Sell 1/4 of Market "Grower Champagne"; RM on label "Recoltant Manipulant"
Remainder Cooperatives Own No Vineyards
Produce and Sell for Grower Members

29

Still wines of Champagne

Rose des Riceys AC (Pinot Noir) far south
Coteaux Champenois AC (Red, White or Rose) covers most of Champagne

30

17 Grand Cru Vineyards

Montagne de Reims (9 Grand Crus)
Vallee de la Marne (2 Grand Crus): mostly planted to Pinot Meniuer and some Chardonnay
Cotes des Blancs (6 Grand Crus): mainly Chardonnay

31

Montagne de Reims (9 Grand Crus)

Ambonnay
Bouzy
Louvois
Mailly
Verzenay
Verzy
Beaumont-sur-Vesle
Puisieulx
Sillery

32

Vallee de la Marne (2 Grand Crus): mostly planted to Pinot Meniuer and some Chardonnay

Tours-sur-Marne
Ay

33

Cotes des Blancs (6 Grand Crus): mainly Chardonnay

Avize
Chouilly
Cramant
Le-Mesnil-sur-Oger
Oger
Oiry