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CSW Exam - Round 2 > France > Flashcards

Flashcards in France Deck (11):
1

Major AOC Wine-Producing Regions in France

Bordeaux
Loire Valley
Champagne
Alsace
Burgundy
Rhone Valley
Provence
Languedoc
Roussillon

2

France's Mediterranean Coast

Roussillon
Languedoc
Rhone
Provence
Corsica Island

3

Wine Laws - France

INAO (Institut National des Appellations d'Origine)
Vin de table/Vin
Vin de pays/IGP/PGI (Country Wine - 33% of wines)

4

INAO (Institut National des Appellations d'Origine)

governing body that is structured around a wine's place of origin

5

Vin de table/Vin

can come from anywhere in France
not of particular importance, only about 8% of total wine production

6

Vin de pays/IGP/PGI

1. Considered Table Wines with Geographic Indication (PGI) 85% of the grapes must come within the 152 or so delimited Vin de Pays regions. Similar to AVAs in that it apart from specific geographic limitations on grape sources, but they allow the winemaker latitude to make whatever wine he/she wants to make. Compete with "international" style wines.
2. Four large vin de pays region (similar to Super AVAs)
- IGP de Pays du Val de Loire - Loire Valley
- IGP de Pays du Compte Tolosan - Bordeaux to the Pyrenees
- IGP de Pays d'Oc - Perpignan near Spain to Avignon (west of Rhone)
- IGP de Pays des Comptes Rhodaniens - Macon to Avignon East and east to the Swiss and Italian Borders (east of Rhone)

7

Appellation d'Origine Controlee/AOP

AOC/AOP (Appellation d'origine controlee) aka nearly 50% of wines (more than 300)
1. used for cheeses and other agricultural along with wine
2. specific geographic area - e.g. Bordeaux, or a district e.g. Medoc, or Village e.g. Pauillac or vineyard e.g. Montrachet
3. grape variety - one or more
4. ripeness levels
5. Harvest yields
6. viticultural practices e.g. number vines
7. vinification techniques
8. minimum or maximum alcohol in finished wines
Broken down into:
- region, district, village/commune/parish, single vineyard/estate

8

French White Grape Varieties

Ugni Blanc (Trebbiano)
Chardonnay
Savignon Blanc
Melon de Bourgogne
Semillon
Chenin Blanc
Muscat

9

Ugni Blanc (Trebbiano)

most widely planted white grape in Franc
used almost exclusively for making brandy (Cognac and Armagnac)

10

Muscat

mainly used for fortified wines (vins doux naturels)

11

French Red Grape Varieties

Merlot
Cabernet Sauvignon
Cabernet Franc
Grenache
Syrah
Pinot Noir
Carignan
Gamay
Cinsaut
Pinot Meunier
Mourvedre