Chapter 05 - Disorders of Trauma and Stress Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 05 - Disorders of Trauma and Stress Deck (25)
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1

Acute Stress Disorder

An anxiety disorder in which fear and related symptoms are experienced soon after a traumatic event and last less than a month.

2

Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)

The network of nerve fibers that connect the central nervous system to all the other organs of the body.

3

Corticosteroids

A group of hormones, including cortisol, released by the adrenal glands at times of stress.

4

Depersonalization-Derealization Disorder

A dissociative disorder marked by the presence of persistent and recurrent episodes of depersonalization, derealization, or both; feel like they have become separated from heir body and are observing themselves from outside.

5

Dissociative Amnesia

A dissociative disorder marked by an inability to recall important personal events and information; Not caused by physical factors.

6

Dissociative Disorders

A group of disorders in which some parts of one's memory or identity seem to be dissociated, or separated, from other parts of one's memory or identity.

7

Dissociative Identity Disorder

A dissociative disorder in which a person develops two or more distinct personalities. Also known as multiple personality disorder.

8

Endocrine System

The system of glands located throughout the body that help control important activities such as growth and sexual activity.

9

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)

An exposure treatment in which clients move their eyes in a rhythmic manner from side to side while flooding their minds with images of objects and situations they ordinarily avoid.

10

Fusion

The final merging of two or more subpersonalities in multiple personality disorder.

11

Hypnotic Therapy

A treatment in which the patient undergoes hypnosis and is then guided to recall forgotten events or perform other therapeutic activities. Also known as hypnotherapy.

12

Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) Pathway

One route by which the brain and body produce arousal and fear.

13

Memory

The faculty for recalling past events and past learning.

14

Parasympathetic Nervous System

The nerve fibers of the autonomic nervous system that help return bodily processes to normal.

15

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

An anxiety disorder in which fear and related symptoms continue to be experienced long after a traumatic event; As many as 80% of cases of Acute stress disorder develop into PTSD.

16

Psychological Debriefing

A form of crisis intervention in which victims are helped to talk about their feelings and reactions to traumatic incidents. Also called critical incident stress debriefing.

17

Rap Group

A group that meets to talk about and explore members' problems in an atmosphere of mutual support.

18

Rape

Forced sexual intercourse or another sexual act committed against a nonconsenting person or intercourse with an underage person.

19

Self-Hypnosis

The process of hypnotizing oneself, sometimes for the purpose of forgetting unpleasant events; Clinicians believe that it dissociative disorders may be a form of self-hypnosis.

20

State-Dependent Learning

Learning that becomes associated with the conditions under which it occurred, so that it is best remembered under the same conditions.

21

Subpersonalities

The two or more distinct personalities found in individuals suffering with dissociative identity disorder. Also known as alternate personalities.

22

Sympathetic Nervous System

The nerve fibers of the autonomic nervous system that quicken the heartbeat and produce other changes experienced as arousal and fear.

23

Torture

The use of brutal, degrading, and disorienting strategies to reduce victims to a state of utter helplessness.

24

State of Stress's Two Components

The stressor and stress response.

25

Stress Response

Influenced by how we judge both events and own capacity to react to them effectively.