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Intro To Human Nutrition > Chapter 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (20):
1

The science of food; the nutrients and substances therein; their action, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease is a definition of

Nutrition

2

The leading cause of death in the United States is

Heart disease

3

Nutrients causing some poor signs of health when consumed in less than adequate amounts are called

Essential nutrients

4

Energy-yielding nutrients include

Carbohydrates, proteins, and fats

5

Sugar, starches, and dietary fibers are examples of

Carbohydrates

6

Which is NOT a complex carbohydrate

Glucose

7

Macronutrients are needed in ____ quantities in the diet.

Gram

8

Carbohydrates can be described as

Sugars, starches, and fibers

9

Lipids can be described as

Mostly fats and oils

10

The major form of a lipid in foods is a

Triglyceride

11

Which element is found in protein, but not in carbohydrates

Nitrogen

12

Proteins are formed by linking together

Amino acids

13

Proteins can be described as

Made of building blocks called amino acids

14

Examples of water-soluble vitamins include

Vitamin C and the B-vitamins

15

An important function of carbohydrates is to

Supply energy

16

Glucose is classified as a

Simple sugar

17

A triglyceride is an example of a

Lipid

18

The main structural material of the body is

Protein

19

The Main function of vitamins is to

Enable chemical reactions in the body to occur

20

Which nutrients are organic compounds?

Carbohydrates and protein