Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

Intro To Human Nutrition > Chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (20):
1

Lard, butter, and cream are rich sources of

saturated fatty acids.

2

Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) are the principal transport vehicle for _______ in the blood.

cholesterol

3

Which of the following lipids is a precursor for estrogen and bile

Cholesterol

4

of the following are ways in which fatty acids can differ from one another EXCEPT

average number of calories per gram.

5

In the Mediterranean Diet, the majority of fat in the diet is supplied by

olive oil and olives.

6

Which of the following groups of foods would contribute a substantial amount of monounsaturated fatty acids to the diet?

olive oil, peanuts and almonds

7

The main difference between fats and oils is that fats are

solid at room temperature.

8

Monounsaturated fatty acids

are liquid at room temperature.
have one double bond in the fatty acid chain.
lower cholesterol. All of these responses are correct.

9

Ergosterol is a type of sterol found in

plants

10

A fatty acid with 10 carbons will be absorbed via the

the portal system.

11

Cholesterol is

not essential in the diet; the human body can synthesize it. Incorrect
not found in foods of plant origin.
an important part of human cell membranes and is necessary to make some hormones.
All of these choices are correct.

12

Lipids with high saturated fatty acid content are ____________ at room temperature.

solid

13

Phospholipids consist of

glycerol, two fatty acids, and phosphate

14

Which essential fatty acid is responsible for lowering the risk of coronary heart disease?

alpha-linolenic

15

Some fat is necessary in our diets

to increase the palatability of foods.
as a carrier of fat-soluble vitamins.
to provide essential fatty acids.
All of these responses are correct.

16

Oxidized LDL in the blood is picked up by

scavenger pathway.

17

Lipoproteins are important for

transport of fats in the blood and lymphatic system.

18

Fat digestion begins in the

mouth.

19

Alpha-linolenic acid and linoleic acid are classified as _________ fatty acids.

essential

20

Why are nuts a heart healthy food?

They are rich in antioxidants.
Most nuts are good sources of monounsaturated fatty acids.
They contain no cholesterol.
All of these choices are correct.