Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (30)
a science guided by the understanding that our lives are affected by our individual characteristics, powerful social forces, and our place in the world
a group of people who live in a defined territory and share social structures and interact with each other
the ability to understand how social forces influence the lives of individuals
the practice of looking beyond the surface or obvious explanation and seeking out deeper explanations
What are the 4 Sociological Paradigms and are they macro or micro?
Conflict Theory: macro
Feminism: macro and micro
Symbolic Interactionism: micro
Who developed each sociological paradigm (key thinker)
Functionalism: Emile Durkheim
Conflict Theory: Karl Marx
Feminism: Dorothy Smith
Symbolic Interactionism: Herbert Blumer
statements of fact that are unchanging and can be used for any kind of society as ground rules
existing structural elements of society
changes in the structural elements of society
What is social Darwinism and who came up with it?
a notion which suggests that strong societies survive and weak ones become extinct (Herbert Spencer)
externally defined and function independently from individual usage
Who is associated with the inertia of social systems?
Who is associated with the collective conscience?
What are manifest and latent functions and who developed these?
Manifest: factors that lead to an expected consequence or outcome
Latent: factors that lead to an unexpected consequence
requires a system that protects and reinforces group harmony
requires a system that protects and contracts the automy of self
What are the 3 main historical economic changes?
Ancient (slave and aristocrat)
Feudal (serf and lord)
Capitalist (worker and boss)
members of the capitalist class who own means of production
class with their own businesses but do not employ others
members of the working class
lack of understanding of position in society
understanding of position in the class system
a distortion of thought which comes from and conceals social contradictions like exploitation
What is the role of the state?
to protect the capitalist class
What is ironic about the law?
it limits excessive exploitation but encourages limited exploitation
What were the 3 feminist movements?
1800-1900: focus on official inequalities
1960-1980: focus on unofficial inequalities
1990-Present: critiques of waves focusing on middle/upper class white women
What does liberal feminism focus on?
differences in sex role expectations, socialization, opportunities, and male/female social control
focus on men that influences sociology in terms of how research is done and which topics are studied
a person's identity and what makes them different from others