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1

Sociology

a science guided by the understanding that our lives are affected by our individual characteristics, powerful social forces, and our place in the world

2

Society

a group of people who live in a defined territory and share social structures and interact with each other

3

Sociological Imagination

the ability to understand how social forces influence the lives of individuals

4

Debunking

the practice of looking beyond the surface or obvious explanation and seeking out deeper explanations

5

What are the 4 Sociological Paradigms and are they macro or micro?

Functionalist: macro
Conflict Theory: macro
Feminism: macro and micro
Symbolic Interactionism: micro

6

Who developed each sociological paradigm (key thinker)

Functionalism: Emile Durkheim
Conflict Theory: Karl Marx
Feminism: Dorothy Smith
Symbolic Interactionism: Herbert Blumer

7

Social Law

statements of fact that are unchanging and can be used for any kind of society as ground rules

8

Social Statics

existing structural elements of society

9

Social Dynamics

changes in the structural elements of society

10

What is social Darwinism and who came up with it?

a notion which suggests that strong societies survive and weak ones become extinct (Herbert Spencer)

11

Social Fact

externally defined and function independently from individual usage

12

Who is associated with the inertia of social systems?

Talcott Parsons

13

Who is associated with the collective conscience?

Emile Durkheim

14

What are manifest and latent functions and who developed these?

Manifest: factors that lead to an expected consequence or outcome
Latent: factors that lead to an unexpected consequence
Robert Merton

15

Traditional Law

requires a system that protects and reinforces group harmony

16

Modern Law

requires a system that protects and contracts the automy of self

17

What are the 3 main historical economic changes?

Ancient (slave and aristocrat)
Feudal (serf and lord)
Capitalist (worker and boss)

18

Bourgeoisie

members of the capitalist class who own means of production

19

Petite Bourgeoisie

class with their own businesses but do not employ others

20

Proletariat

members of the working class

21

False Consciousness

lack of understanding of position in society

22

Class Consciousness

understanding of position in the class system

23

Ideology

a distortion of thought which comes from and conceals social contradictions like exploitation

24

What is the role of the state?

to protect the capitalist class

25

What is ironic about the law?

it limits excessive exploitation but encourages limited exploitation

26

What were the 3 feminist movements?

1800-1900: focus on official inequalities
1960-1980: focus on unofficial inequalities
1990-Present: critiques of waves focusing on middle/upper class white women

27

What does liberal feminism focus on?

differences in sex role expectations, socialization, opportunities, and male/female social control

28

Androcentric Bias

focus on men that influences sociology in terms of how research is done and which topics are studied

29

Self

a person's identity and what makes them different from others

30

What is dramaturgy and who came up with it?

a theory of interaction in which all social life is like acting (Erving Goffman)