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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (19)
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1

Culture

the symbols, values, norms, and material objects that societies create

2

Cultural Transmission

culture passing from one generation to the next

3

Values

cultural standards by which we determine what is good or bad, right or wrong

4

Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis

the structure of a language determines a native speakers perception and categorization of experiences

5

Norms

the culturally defined rules for appropriate social behaviour

6

Sanctions

a reward for following norms or punishment for violating them

7

Cultural Universals

elements that are common to all human cultures worldwide

8

Counterculture

groups with values and norms that are in opposition to the dominant culture

9

Ethnocentrism

using your own culture to judge others

10

Xenophobia

fear and hostility toward people of other cultures

11

Xenocentrism

perceiving other cultures as superior to your own

12

Cultural Relativism

making a deliberate effort to appreciate other cultures without prejudice

13

Cultural Shock

an emotional response to the differences between cultures

14

Global Village

the shrinking of the world through immediate electronic communications

15

Cultural Imperialism

a situation in which powerful cultural industries dominate other cultures

16

Discovery

better understanding or observation of something that already exists

17

Diffusion

the transmission of an item or method of doing things from one culture to the next

18

Cultural Lag

the time between when technological changes occur and when social and cultural changes occur

19

Re-Appropriation

the process by which a group reclaims terms or objects that were previously used in a negative way toward that group