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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (15)
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1

Out of the 10 leading causes of death in the U.S. how many are associated with poor eating habits? Which diseases are they?

- Six
-Heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease, stroke, Alzheimers, and cancer.

2

What are the six groups of nutrients?

water, vitamins, minerals, lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins

3

Which of the six groups of nutrients provide energy?

Carbohydrates, fat, and protein

4

How many Kcal/Gram are in each of the 6 nutrients?

Carbohydrate- 4kcal/g
Fat- 9kcal/g
Protein- 4kcal/g

5

What is a risk factor?

A personal characteristic that increases a person's chance of developing diseases

6

If someone eats 10 grams of protein, 5 grams of fat, 20 grams of carbs and 14 grams of alcohol, how many calories did they consume in this meal?

263 kcal

7

How many kcal/g is alcohol?

7kcal/g

8

what are macronutrients?

A type of food required in large amounts for diet

9

What are examples of macronutrients?

Fats, Carbohydrates, Proteins

10

What are micronutrients?

Required in small amounts for diet

11

What are examples of micronutrients?

Vitamins and minerals

12

What factors influence food choices?

income
health status
religious belief
health beliefs

13

What are phytochemicals?

Compounds made by plants that are not nutrients

14

Define nutrient density

The amount of nutrients in a food

15

Define empty calorie

Food that is high in calories but low in nutrients