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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (23)
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1

What are DRIs?

Dietary Reference Intakes, encompasses a variety of terms that describe values for nutrient recommendations

2

What is an RDA?

Recommended Dietary Allowance, the estimated amount of nutrient/calories per day considered necessary for the maintenance of good health

3

What is an AI?

Adequate Intake, used when RDA cannot be determined.
recommended average daily intake level based on experimentally determined estimates on healthy people to maintain an adequate diet.

4

What is a UL?

Tolerable upper intake level, (how much before it is toxic)

5

What risk level does a low intake pose?

A high risk of deficiency

6

What risk level does an RDA/AI intake pose?

A low risk of toxicity or deficiency

7

According to the MyPlate diagram, what are two foods that fit in the grains portion?

Bread, brown rice

8

According to the MyPlate diagram, what are two foods that fit in the dairy portion?

Yogurt, Milk

9

According to the MyPlate diagram, what are two foods that fit in the protein portion?

Chicken, Fish

10

What are two macronutrients provided by each food group in the MyPlate diagram?

Dairy- Carbohydrate, fat
Grains- Carbohydrate, protein
Vegetables- Carbohydrate, protein
Fruits- Carbohydrate, protein
Protein- Protein, Fat

11

What are two micronutrients provided by each food group in the MyPlate diagram?

Dairy- Calcium, Vitamin D
Grains- Zinc, Magnesium
Fruits- potassium, Vitamin C
Vegetables- Vitamin C, Calcium

12

Describe a healthy eating pattern according to Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015-2020

-A variety of fruit and vegetables (whole fruit is better due to fiber), Whole grains, fat free or low fat dairy, variety of proteins
-Limit saturated fats and trans fats, added sugars and sodium.

13

What is included under Nutrition Facts?

Product and manufacturer name
Manufacturer address
Amount of product in package
Serving Size
Ingredients
Daily values %
Total Fat
Saturated fat
Trans Fat
Cholesterol
Sodium
Carbohydrate
Fiber
Total Sugars
Protein
Vitamin A, C, Calcium and Iron

14

What is included under Nutrition Facts?

Product and manufacturer name
Manufacturer address
Amount of product in package
Serving Size
Ingredients
Daily values %
Total Fat
Saturated fat
Trans Fat
Cholesterol
Sodium
Carbohydrate
Fiber
Total Sugars
Protein
Vitamin A, C, and calcium

15

What are four changes on the new nutrition facts label?

-Added sugars will be required,
-Vitamin D and Iron will be required,
-Nutrition Facts per container will be required,
-Amount of Calories will appear larger,
-companies will not be able to use unrealistic portion sizes for servings

16

What information about fat must be on the food label?

Total fat
Trans Fat
Saturated fat
%DV

17

Are the ingredients on a food label listed in *descending or *ascending order by weight?

Descending order

18

What is the definition of "low Sodium"

*140* mg of sodium or lower per serving

19

What is the definition of "low fat"

3g or less of fat per serving

20

What is the definition of "high fiber"

Contains 5g or more of fiber per serving

21

What does "enriched" mean?

It means a food was stripped of nutrients, and some were replaced after processing.

22

What does "fortified" mean?

Nutrient has been added to food to boost nutrient content

23

What is the difference between fortified and enriched?

When a food is fortified, it is not stripped prior to the addition of nutrients
When a food is enriched, the nutrients have been stripped and some are replaced.