Chapter 1 & 2 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 & 2 Test Deck (42):
0

Nomad

A member of the group that has no permanent home, in search of food and water

1

Slash and burn

People clear fields and the ashes are served to fertilize the soil

2

Domestication

Taming of animals for human use

3

Ziggurat

Pyramid-shaped structure that formed part of a Samaritan temple

4

Neolithic revolution

People's shifts from food gathering to food producing

5

5 things needed for civilization

Written record
Complex institution
Advance Technology
Advance cities
Specialized worker

6

Hammurabi

Creates a code of laws for the Babylonian Empire

7

Mesopotamia

Land between Rivers (Tigris and euphrates)

8

Fertile Crescent

An ark of rich farmland Between the Persian gulf and the Mediterranean Sea

9

Samarian

One of the first groups of people that formed civilization

10

Sargon of a Akkad

Defeated the city states of Sumer. Took control of both northern and southern Mesopotamia. Created the first empire

11

Silt

Rich new soil

12

Irrigation

Supply water to land or crops to help growth

13

Dynasty

A series of rulers from a family

14

Epic of Gilgamesh

Looks for The fountain of youth and discovers humans are suppose to die in Mesopotamia

15

City-State

A city and its surrounding lands functioning as an independent political unit

16

Polytheism

a belief in many gods

17

Empire

Political unit in which a number of people or countries that are controlled by a single ruler

18

Delta

A Region formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of the river

19

theocracy

Government in which the ruler is viewed as a defined figure

20

Mummification

A process of embalming drying corpse to prevent them from Decaying

21

Hieroglyphics

Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sound

22

Papyrus

A tall reed that grows in the Nile Delta used by Egyptian to make A paperlike material for writing on

23

Cuneiform

Invented by Samarian's a System of writing with wedge-shaped symbols

24

Pharaoh

king of Egypt considered a God as well as a political and militaryleader

25

Pyramids

Burial places for old Kingdom pharaohs

26

Monotheistic

A belief in one God

27

Subcontinent

A large landmass that forms a distinct part of a continent

28

Monsoons

A wind that shifts a direction at certain times of each year

29

Harappan

Characterized by Sophisticated city planning located by the Indus River

30

Plumbing

In Indus Valley Engineers invented sophisticated plumbing

31

Losses

China's slit (yellow)

32

Xia

1st dynasty

33

Shang

2nd dynasty from 1700-1027

34

Zhou (joe)

3rd dynasty 1027-256 LONGEST DYNASTY

35

Mandate of Heaven

The believe that just a ruler had divine approval

36

Dynastic cycle (7) steps

1. Awesome
2. Natural disasters
3. Taxing goes up
4. War/invasion (crappy)
5. Civil war
6. Revolution
7. Replace

37

Feudalism

Originates in China: System where Kings give land to nobles and exchange for service

38

Oracle bones

Form of religion (turtle shell)

39

Delta is in _______ Egypt

Lower

40

Restitution

An act of restoring to an original condition or giving an equivalent or an injury

41

Reconciliation

To restore to friendship