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Flashcards in Greece Deck (36):
0

Impact of Greece’s geography (3)

-sea: Lack of resources encourage sea travel and trade
-lack of fertile land leads to small population
- mountains: polis because Greece is not unified

1

Dorians

Move into Greece after the Mycenaeans civilization collapses and they are dumb, can't read and write

2

Homer

Blind of storyteller

3

Epics

Narrative poem about heroic deeds

4

acropolis

A Fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city

5

phalanx

Feared by all, formation of soldiers with spears, shields

6

oligarchy

Rule by small group of powerful merchants and artisans

7

Pericles and his 3 goals

1. Pays politicians-to strengthen democracy
2. Strengthen the Athens empire- makes navy bigger
3. Glorifying Athens

8

Peloponnesian War (Athens vs. Sparta)

Lasting from 431 to 404 B.C., in which Athens and it's allies were defeated by Sparta and its allies

9

Polis

City-state

10

philosopher

Thinkers, "lovers of wisdom"

11

Socrates

"gad fly" believes in questioning, self-examination number of values, and was convicted of corrupting young people

12

Aristotle

Student of Plato, uses rules of logic for argument, tutors 13-year-old Prince Alexander the great

13

Alexander the Great

Smart, the iliad under his pillow, his focus was more about Conquering and not governing

14

Hellenistic world

Greek blended with Egyptian, Persian, Indian

15

Alexandria

Egyptian city becomes center of Hellenistic civilization

16

Athens (characteristics, gov, citizen)

Characteristics: Education, creative, value individual, open mind
Gov: democracy
Citizen: only native-born, property-owning males are citizens

17

Sparta

Spartan value: duty, strength, not individuality, discipline over freedom
Also has The most powerful army in Greece

18

Persian War (Greece vs. Persia)

The series of wars in the 5th century BC, in which Greek city states battled the Persian empire. (Athens and Sparta worked together defeating the Persian realizing they were more powerful when they are one)

19

Mycenae

An Indo-European person settled on the Greek mainland around 2000 BC

20

Crete

a large island on the southern edge of the Aegean Sea (Minoans lived on)

21

Hoplites

Hoplites are The foot soldiers of this army stood side by side, each holding a spear in one hand and a shield in the other

22

Tyranny

A nation under cruel and oppressive government

23

Darius

King of Persia, Alexander the great defeats Persia again and forces him to flee

24

Xerxes

Darius the Great’s son and successor, assembled an enormous invasion force to crush Athens (300 Spartans hold them for three days)

25

Phidipides

Builds the Parthenon- a large temple to honor goddess Athena and within the temple he crafts a 30 foot statue of Athena

26

Classical art

Values Harmony, order, balance, proportion, beauty

27

Marathon

the Persian army attacks Athens, is defeated at marathon in 490 BC and runner Pheidippides races 26 miles to Athens to announce Greek victory and dies.

28

Delian league

New self-confidence in Greece due to victory (Persian war) causes Athens to emerge as leader of Delian league and controls the league by using force against opponents

29

The Parthenon

A large temple to honor goddess Athena

30

Zeus

Ruler of gods

31

Mount Olympus

Where Zeus and his wife Hera live

32

Artè

Excellence

33

Allegory of the cave (summary)

All these prisoners in a cave and sees shadows thinking they are true and man comes out and can't see and goes and sees that there is a big world out there and comes and frees the other prisoners and they can't see and are in pain so they murder him

34

What do the shadows represent?

The lies, the untruth and what is ppl accept

35

What does the sun represent

Truth, wisdom, knowledge