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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (59):
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Brahma

Create the universe

1

Vishnu

Preserves the universe

2

Shiva

Destroyer of the universe

3

Reincarnation

The process by which a soul is reborn continuously until it achieves perfect understanding

4

Karma

The good and bad deeds performed by a person, which is believed to determine his or her fate after rebirth

5

Enlightenment

A state of perfect wisdom in which one understands basic truths about the universe

6

Jainism

Values all life

7

Siddhartha Gautama

Founder of Buddhism

8

Vedas

Means knowledge, written to educate priests about rituals

9

Caste system

Division of social ranks and tasks developed by Aryans durning conquest

10

Brahmins

The priests

11

Kshatriyas

The Warriors

12

Aryans

White

13

Vaishyas

The merchants

14

Shudras

Unskilled workers and peasants

15

Moksha

Detached state of being

16

Buddha

Teacher

17

Dharma

Teachings

18

Sangha

Community

19

Nirvana

An awakening to the truth

20

Buddhism v.s. Hinduism

Buddhism:
Founder- Buddha (quite prayer, karma, reincarnation)
hinduism:
Sacred animal-cow (polytheistic,oldest religions, yoga)

21

Indo-Europeans

A group of people began to migrate to the Indian subcontinent(white)

22

Asian steppes

Dry, grass-covered plains

23

Ganesh

God of wisdom and good luck the son of shiva

24

Canaan

Eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea

25

Torah

The first five books of the Hebrew Bible

26

Covenant

A mutual promise or agreement

27

Moses

The man who led the Israelites out of slavery

28

Israel

A kingdom of the United Israelite last from about 1020 to 922 bc; now the Jewish homeland

29

Tribute

A payment made by weaker power to the stronger power to obtain an assurance of peace and security

30

Abraham

To be father of the Hebrew people

31

Solomon

Build the temple

32

King David

Establishes Jerusalem as the capital

33

Confucius

China's most influential scholar

34

Daoism

Taught that people should be guided by a universal forced called the dao (the way)

35

Legalism

Qin shi hanugdi
Strict
Great Wall of china
Burns the analects

36

Warring States period

Zhou falls: Confucius, daoism, legalism

37

Shi Huangdi

First emperor

38

Qin Dynasty

Replaces the Zhou dynasty in the third century BC

39

autocracy

Government in which the ruler has unlimited power and uses it in an arbitrary manner

40

bureaucracy

System of departments and agencies formed to carry out the work of Government

41

filial piety

Respect shown by children of their parents and elders

42

yin and yang

Chinese thought, the two powers that govern the natural rhythms of life

43

Laozi

Founder of Daoism

44

Dao

The way

45

Upanishads

meaning of the Vedic hymns. The teachers’ comments were later written down

46

Varna

Skin color of the four major groups of the caste system

47

4 noble truths

Life is suffering
The cause of suffering is desire
Cure for suffering is to remove desire
To remove desire follow the eight fold path

48

8 fold path

Know the truth
Say nothing to hurt others
Practice meditation
Control your thoughts
Resist evil
For your mind from evil
Work for the good of others
Respect to life

49

Saul

the first of the three kings, was chosen largely because of his success in driving out the Philistines from the central hills

50

The Ark of the covenants

contained the tablets of Moses’ law

51

Exodus

"Let my people go" and they remember it every year during the festival of the Passover and Moses led the Israelites out of slavery

52

Analects

Confucius spent the remainder of his life teaching. His students later collected his words in a book called the Analects (Confucius book)

53

Name 4 hindu gods

Ganesh
Shiva
Barmah
Visha

54

Name the caste system

Brahmans
Kshatriyas
Vaishyas
Shudras

55

Desas

Dark skin

56

Civil service exam

To serve in the government

57

Yin

Evil
Cold
Unclear
Mysterious

58

Yang

Clear
Good
Warm