Greece- Seg Flashcards Preview

World History > Greece- Seg > Flashcards

Flashcards in Greece- Seg Deck (17):

Describe 3 influences Greece had on America today

Art, sports, education


Describe geography of Greece and development of city states

It was very rocky and mountainous so there were barriers between city states


What were the economical advantages of greeces geographical location

They were surrounded by seas so they flourished in sea trade


Significant people of Trojan war and roles

Achilles- greek warrior
Paris- Trojan prince
Helen- queen of Sparta
Menelaos- king of Sparta
Agamemnon king of Mycenae
Hector- Paris's bro, Trojan prince


What purpose did mythology have on Greeks?

To teach and explain things


Sparta and Athens similarities and differences?

Sparta: valued duty, discipline, equality, army, Warriors
Athens: valued education, arts, open thinking, male dominance
Both: city states in Greece, powerful city states


Describe greek phalanx

We know this, think of it in your head


Retell legend of Pheidippides and significance on world today

Greeks beat Persians at battle of marathon, told Pheidippides to run back and tell them. He ran 26.2 miles back to Athens and then died. Later formed the marathon race


What were the effects of the Persian wars?

Greeks win
Delian league is formed
Athens is the head
New confidence
Ushers golden age


What made the golden age golden?

Strengthened democracy
Beautified Athens
Strengthened empire (navy)


How was democracy under Pericles rule different from our democracy?

They had a direct democracy, we have a representative democracy,
Both promote freedom of speech


What are the three types of columns?

Doric- square top
Ionic- swirled, round
Corinthian- flowery


Explain the advantages of Athens and Sparta during the pelopennesian war

Athenian advantage: best navy, had money, the sea
Spartan advantage: best army, land


What were some of the effects of the Peloponnesian war?

Delian league collapsed, Greece weakened, Phillip conquered Greece


How was the trial of Socrates similar and different from our trials today?

Athens: one day, no appeals, 101-1001 jurors, majority rules, no attorney or judge, accuser proposed punishment
Both: juries of citizens, "jury of your peers"
US: weeks months years?, appeal process, 12 jurors, unanimous, judges and attorneys, must be guilty beyond a reasonable doubt


Explain the allegory of the cave: author, characters, plot, message

Author: Plato
Characters: prisoners- us, shadows- lies, sun- truth, cave- world
Plot: basically is saying that we are blind to the realities and life and sometimes we don't know the truth of what people are showing us or telling us
Message: democracy is bad, education is hard but we must seek it


What was Hellenistic culture and where did it originate?

Originated in Alexandria