Semester 2 Final Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Semester 2 Final Deck (24):
1

Shi'ites (shi'a)

The branch of Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Muhammad

2

Sunni

The branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successor

3

4 rightly guided caliphs

1. Abu Bakr
2. Umar
3. Uthman
4. Ali (related to all)

4

Abu bakr

First caliph because was a Friend of Muhammad,

5

Dome of the rock

Shrine where Muhammad went to heaven with Gabriel and received his message which would in the future be the Quran, contains the foundation stone

6

Koran

Book that is center of Muslim religion, written by Muhammad through Gabriel, monotheistic

7

5 pillars of Islam.

Faith- 1 God Allah
Prayer- 6x day towards Mecca
Alms giving- charity
Pilgrimage- journey to Mecca once in your lifetime
Fasting-

8

Mecca

Muhammad grows up here, contains Kaaba, religiously mixed city in the beginning. In the middle of Silk Road trade routes

9

Muhammad

Born in 570 AD as an orphan raised by grandfather, trader on silk roads, marries trade owner, goes in cave, sees Gabriel, gets Devine testimony and preaches his word, last prophet dies in 632

10

Ka’aba

Large square building in Mecca, with meteorite in it (used to have idols in it), supposed to reflect a house in heaven, made by Adam and Abraham. Housed 360 idols and had to pay money to get into this building.

11

Schism

Means "split" from Eastern Orthodox and holy Roman Catholic

12

Alexis 1

Patriarch of the Eastern Orthodox Church, leader of Constantinople, was fighting the Turks and ask pope urban 2 from holy roman church to help and all the Christians come together to fight the crusades.

13

Crusades

A holy war Muslims vs Christians for the holy city of Jerusalem
1st; Christians win
2nd : Muslims win
3rd: tie= no win, a lot of bloodshed, no land won

14

Seljuk Turks

Pepole that were slaved by the Abbasid Muslims but took them over and fought the Byzantine empire and created a little empire over by turkey where they still live now

15

Humanism

An art style that is based of classic roman and Greek ideas, which focuses on human

16

Niccolo Machiavelli

Wrote the prince which is about the imperfect conduct of humansn

17

Johannes Gutenberg

He recreated a Chinese block printing device but it was too slow and made it movable, along with pressing blocks altogether simultaneously on one page.
First book printed: bible
Importance: spreading and questioning ideas

18

Indulgences

One main problem with the church in the Renaissance where you pay money for the church to pardon your sins and gets u into heaven

19

Martin Luther

Friar who starts reformation by writing the 95 these saying statements of what the church is doing wrong, posting them on the church, being copied and everyone following the ideas.



20

95 theses


taught: salvation through faith (no $) teaching need to be based on the bible, all ppl are equal (no priest)

Results: Pope Leo threatened to excommunicate him, and does. Also created religion Lutherans.

21

Edict of worms

When the Catholics meet and decided to outlaw Luther and declares him a heretic which led him to being sheltered by prince Fredrick

22

Excommunication

Banishment from the church which denies salvation

23

John Calvin

Wrote: institutes of the Christian religion created Calvinism
-only the elect go to heaven
- predestination
- government controlled by religious leader
-very strict morals
-started in Switzerland

24

Predestination

God already knows what your gonna do, it's fated, and already determined if your going or not going to heaven