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Flashcards in Chapter 1: Introduction Deck (14)
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1

Define career

Roles individuals play over their lifetime, including leisure and community service.

2

What is the difference between a job, occupation, and a career?

- Job - specific role at specific organization
- Occupation - similar jobs across organizations
- Career - lifetime pursuits.

3

How do you evaluate the appropriateness of a theory?

- Is the theory explicit and clear?
- Is it precise about the limitations of its predictions?
- Has the theory been tested?
- Is the theory consistent and clear?

4

How do you choose which theory to use?

- Is the theory the best fit for the client (dev, issue)?
- Does it match the counselor's style?
- It is easy to use?

5

What conditions must be met for any test tool used?

Must be reliable, must be valid, and there must be an established norm.

6

Define test reliability

Must be dependable and consistent. Take the test more than once - get about the same score.

7

Define test validity

Does it measure what it is supposed to?

8

Define test norms

Having scores from other similar clients in the local area - important for comparison.

9

What are the goals of career counseling?

Selection of an occupation and the adjustment to an occupation.
- Career selection - takes place any time after age 14 - most commonly in high school and college.

10

Name the five ethical codes

- Autonomy
- Nonmalefiscence
- Beneficence
- Justice
- Fidelity

11

What skills are required to be a Career Counselor?

- Helping skills
- Knowledge of tests
- Knowledge of occupational info
- Knowledge of career theory

12

What is the difference between descriptive and prescriptive theories?

- Descriptive theories - Describes what people do when they are making choices
- Prescriptive theory - ideally what people would do in making a decision.

13

Define Transition

Movement from one stage to another.

14

Define crisis

Situation in which a person has to develop new methods of dealing with a problem tha has arisen rather suddenly.