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Flashcards in Chapter 1: Introduction Deck (14)
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Define career

Roles individuals play over their lifetime, including leisure and community service.


What is the difference between a job, occupation, and a career?

- Job - specific role at specific organization
- Occupation - similar jobs across organizations
- Career - lifetime pursuits.


How do you evaluate the appropriateness of a theory?

- Is the theory explicit and clear?
- Is it precise about the limitations of its predictions?
- Has the theory been tested?
- Is the theory consistent and clear?


How do you choose which theory to use?

- Is the theory the best fit for the client (dev, issue)?
- Does it match the counselor's style?
- It is easy to use?


What conditions must be met for any test tool used?

Must be reliable, must be valid, and there must be an established norm.


Define test reliability

Must be dependable and consistent. Take the test more than once - get about the same score.


Define test validity

Does it measure what it is supposed to?


Define test norms

Having scores from other similar clients in the local area - important for comparison.


What are the goals of career counseling?

Selection of an occupation and the adjustment to an occupation.
- Career selection - takes place any time after age 14 - most commonly in high school and college.


Name the five ethical codes

- Autonomy
- Nonmalefiscence
- Beneficence
- Justice
- Fidelity


What skills are required to be a Career Counselor?

- Helping skills
- Knowledge of tests
- Knowledge of occupational info
- Knowledge of career theory


What is the difference between descriptive and prescriptive theories?

- Descriptive theories - Describes what people do when they are making choices
- Prescriptive theory - ideally what people would do in making a decision.


Define Transition

Movement from one stage to another.


Define crisis

Situation in which a person has to develop new methods of dealing with a problem tha has arisen rather suddenly.