Chapter 1 (Midterm) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 (Midterm) Deck (12)
1

Composite Pose

Some parts of the body (for example horns, eyes, hooves) are shown from the front, heads, and bodies in profiles.

2

Megalithic

large stones, used to describe Neolithic ceremonial structures and tombs.

3

Dolmen

simple megalithic tomb built using post-and-lintel principle.

4

Capstone

Huge and upright stones supporting tablelike rocks

5

henge

circle of stones or posts surrounded by a ditch with built-up embankments

6

lintels

stones that topped pairs of upright stones

7

corbelling

rows or layers of stone are laid with the end of each row projecting beyond the row beneath, until they can be capped with a stone on top.

8

Pech Merle Cave

- charcoal, negative image (painted around image) - spotted horses and human hands

9

Hall of Bulls, Lascaux, France

- made over long period of time (animals overlapping) - used to teach hunters how to hunt - religious festivals (lots of footprints) - composite pose

10

Bison from a cave at Altamira, Spain

- high relief - painted on natural rocks (protrusions)

11

Bison from Le Tuc d’Audobert, France

- Relief sculpture - Used Clay (modeling) like playdough

12

Stonehenge (Neolithic)

Religious Purposes Buried dead around the site Stonehenge was used for death and woodhenge for life. Lined with the solstice