Chapter 19-20 (Test Review) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19-20 (Test Review) Deck (98)
1

"The Kiss" was influenced by

Art Nouveau

2

Modern artists who separated from the Academy in Vienna Austria, was the

Vienna Secession

3

What was influenced by De Stijil & Surrealism?

Dada

4

What questioned art itself, not just artistic traditions?

Dada

5

Duchamp was originally a ____; but he was dissatisfied with the Direction of _____

Painter; Dissatisfied with Cubism

6

Duchamp thought that Cubism was too

formal

7

Which artist's works often had a short sentence.

-Duchamp
-Surrealism (Magritte)
-Conceptual Art

8

Who was known for Dada collages?

Schwitters

9

During Surrealism, Dada artists became interested in the themes of the ____

unconscious

10

Surrealism contains strange ______ &_____

juxtapositions & Dreams

11

Who painted herself with facial hair?

Frida Kahlo

12

Who was the Spokesperson for Surrealism?

Andre Breton

13

Who did not consider themselves a Surrealist but is considered one by others.

Frida Kahlo

14

Why did Frida Kahlo wear long dresses to cover up?

She had Polio

15

Mexican Muralists featured_____

non-European heroes

16

Mexican Muralists typically had ____ themes and a social _____

political & social

17

What did Diego Rivera Study?

-Renaissance Frescos
-Mural Painting

18

In the work, "Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in Alameda Park" what is shown?

The Three Eras of Mexican History (Left to Right)

19

Alameda park had many different uses. What was it originally?

An Aztec Marketplace

20

"Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in the Alameda Park" was controversial and some people protested. Why?

It had an inscription that read "Dios no Existe"

21

Why were buildings getting taller?

-Rising Property Values
-Urbanization
-Elevators

22

Cast-Iron technology allowed for what?

More Windows

23

What was used for architecture and steam engine cylinders?

Cast-Iron Architecture

24

The Chicago Fire (1871) prompted what?

A Change in Building Materials

25

"Marshall Field Wholesale Store" was influenced by what?

Romanesque architecture (NOT CLASSICAL)

26

"Marshall Field Wholesale Store" (now demolished) was Cast-Iron wrapped in

Brick Masonry

27

The "Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building"

The outside of the building reflects the ____

interior

28

The "Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building" contains decorative details at street level. Which means?

It is not true modernism

29

The "Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building"

What was used for decorative lines?

Terra Cotta

30

What new technology made elevators possible?

Iron Steel Construction

31

When was the the Birth of Modernism in Architecture?

1920s

32

What is art Mass produced in natural forms?

Art Nouveau

33

What was Inspired by Art Nouveau?

Art Deco

34

In "Villa Savoye" what are pilotis?

The columns holding up the building

35

Where was the Villa Savoye located?

Paris

36

The Villa Savoye is an example of the

International Style

37

What are the five points of architecture?

1. The Supports
2. Roof Gardens
3. Free designing of the ground-plan
4. Horizontal Window
5. Free design the of façade

38

Who said "Form follows function"

Louis Sullivan

39

Who said "Less is a bore"

Robert Venturi

40

In Bauhaus, what is not important?

Historical Reference

41

In Bauhaus, lack of ____ makes design accessible

ornamentation

42

The original purpose of Bauhaus was?

Design school

43

Bauhaus had an ______

asymmetrical design (Different wings had different purposes)

44

"American Gothic" was a commentary of what?

Life in the Midwest

45

The two people in "American Gothic" were who?

Father and unmarried daughter. Based of a Dentist and sister of the artist.

46

"The Migration of the Negro" was part of a ____

series

47

"The Migration of the Negro" its context was what?

The Migration of American Americans moving to the northern US to find better jobs

48

Why were the Detroit Industry Murals controversial?

They included Lenin

49

"Autumn Rhythm" consists of two types of paint...

House + oil paint

50

In "Woman I" the color are _____ in no definite ____

layered in no definite order

51

"Woman I" consists of _____ + ______

Image and Gesture

52

An object from popular or material culture presented without further manipulation as an artwork by the artist.

Readymade

53

A technique in which artists abandon the usual intellectual control over their brush or pencil. The aim is to allow the subconscious the create the work without rational interference.

Automatism

54

Using broad gestures to drip or pour paint onto a pictorial surface. Associated with mid-twentieth Century American Abstract Expressionists (like Pollock)

Action Painting

55

Type of Abstract Expressionist painting in the 50s and 60s characterized by broad abstract sweeps of solid color that emphasize the surface of the picture plane and de-emphasize gestural brushstrokes.

Color Field Painting

56

The dots that make up letting and images. Often machine or computer generated, the dots are very small and closely spaced to give the effect of density and richness of tone.

Benday Dots

57

An art form developed in the 1960s incorporating performance, theater, and visual images. A Happening was organized without a specific narrative or intent; with audience participation, the event proceeded according to chance and individual improvisation.

Happenings

58

An artwork based on a live, sometimes theatrical performance by the artist.

Performance Art

59

an adjective describing the state of having many valid contemporary styles available at the same time to artists.

Pluralism

60

a style of abstract painting developed by Piet Mondrian, using only vertical and horizontal lines and rectangular shapes in black, white, gray, and primary colors.

Neoplasticism

61

Concrete strengthened by a core or foundation skeleton of iron or steel bars, strips, etc. Floors, columns, piles, water pipes, etc., have been successfully made of it. Called also armored concrete steel, and most commonly reenforced concrete.

Ferroconcrete

62

a style in architecture developed in the 1920s that uses modern materials (as steel, glass, and reinforced concrete), expresses structure directly, and eliminates nonstructural ornament----- True Modernism, 1932 Moma Exhibit

International Style

63

Marcel Duchamp's fountain was a ____

readymade

64

Duchamp submitted "Fountain" _______ to the first exhibition of the American Society of Independent Artists

anonymously

65

When "Fountain" was NOT considered a work of art. What did Duchamp do?

He resigned from the Society

66

In "Composition with Yellow, Red and Blue" Mondrian restricted the formal colors to the three _____ colors, the three _____, as well as ____ & ____ lines.

primary; neutrals; horizontal & vertical

67

In "Composition with Yellow, Red and Blue" the linear directions are meant to symbolize ______. Such as ...

Opposites. Like Male vs Female, Individual vs Society

68

de Stijl developed on both ______ & ______

architecture and painting

69

The Villa Savoye is architectural _____

purism

70

What was referred to as the "Machine for Living"

Villa Savoye

71

Who said "Less is More"

Mies van der rohe

72

In The Schroder House Rietveld applied the principle of _______ to the entire house

dynamic equilibrium

73

"The Treachery of Images (This is Not a Pipe" is a ______ work. What is it influenced by?

Surrealist work. Influenced by Freudian psychology

74

"The Treachery of Images (This is Not a Pipe" is a _____. This work recalls______a field Magritte had worked in.

paradox. Advertising

75

Who was one of the few women invited to participate in the Surrealist movement?

Meret Oppenheim

76

"Object (Luncheon in Fur)" was a _______. (Similar to Duchamp's).

Readymade

77

Frida Kahlo's work shows these themes: Name Two

-Cultural Heritage
-Personal Biography
-Physical Pain
-Emotional Suffering
-Repression of Women

78

"The Two Fridas" represented her identity split between what? Also her relationship with who?

Her German & Mexican ancestry. Also, her stormy relationship with Diego Relationship

79

"The Two Fridas" her heart is broken. Why?

Diego had asked for a divorce.

80

Frank Lloyd Wright wanted to integrate what with what, organically?

Architecture with Nature

81

In "No. 61 (Rust and Blue)" Rothko thought of his shapes as fundamental ____

ideas

82

"No. 61 (Rust and Blue)" is a _____

Color Field Painting

83

"Marilyn Diptych" is a series of _____.

Diptychs

84

The "Marilyn Diptych" recalls the convention of _____

religious art. Suggesting the Marilyn was a martyr in the pantheon of departed movie stars.

85

In "Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks" the intended purpose was for what?

A Platform for Protests (AGAINST VIETNAM WAR)

86

"Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks"

Where was it located?

Outside of the President's Office

87

What is the earliest notorious Post-Modernist work?

AT&T Corporate Headquarters

88

"Untitled" was a ____ work

Minimalist

89

"Untitled" has no _____, only _____

supports only shapes

90

In "One and Three Chairs" what is Kosuth trying to tell us?

He is trying to descirbe the impossibility of precise representation and communication of an idea.

91

The New World Symphony Building by FRANK GEHRY is ____

Deconstrucctivism

92

Dada was also known as...

anti-art

93

Surrealism was influenced by

Dadaism

94

Post-Modernism goes by the Philosophy ...

"Less is a bore"

95

Peggy Guggenheim had a gallery... what was it called?

Art of the Century

96

Who was the Art Critic who favored and accepted Abstract Expressionism?

Clement Greenberg

97

Who advocated for Formalism?

Clement Greenberg

98

"The Migration of the Negro" was influenced by ___

The Harlem Renaissance