Flashcards in Chapter 15 ("Quest" Review) Deck (69)
List the five directions common to all indigenous Americas
The content emphasizes _____ with the natural world.
What was the Mother Culture of Mesoamerica
What was the first civilization to built ceremonial centers?
La Venta is whose site?
Where did the influence of the Olmec Mask come from? What was it made of?
Jadeite (from the SE region of Guatemala)
Which civilization followed a grid-like plan?
What were the different roles played in Teotihuacan?
Teotihuacan belonged to which time period? And who was it named by?
-Named by the Aztecs
Was Teotihuacan a peaceful culture?
At first they were thought to be, but they were not.
Why was Teotihuacan so powerful?
They controlled the market for OBSIDIAN (Weapons)
The obsidian Teotihuacan had was typically traded for what?
Quetzal Feathers (Which were Rare)
Featered serpent and storm god may represent
Regeneration and Renewal
What was the mayan Convention of Beauty?
-They Would use trepanning to elongate the forehead
When did building begin in Tikal (Mayans)?
4th Century BCE
The Center of the Great Plaza in Tikal was also known as the ____
Temple of the Giant Jaguar
What did the roof comb in Tikal have on it?
A portrait of the rooler
In Palenque.. Sculpture & record provided what?
Info on the Mayans
Pakal the Great became ruler at what age?
The Inscriptions at Palenque had how many levels of text?
What was the tallest Mayan structure?
What does the Axis Mundi make references to?
The Mayan Government was divided into _____ with their own ____.
City-states with their own King
Yaxchilan was the rival of_____
Today, Yaxchilan is only accessible by what?
Boat or Flight
When was Yaxchilan abandoned?
What does Bloodletting show?
That humans dedicate their lives to dieties
Did Bloodletting result in death?
Human Sacrifice, Heart Extraction led to____
Human Sacrifice was rare, but was more commonly seen with the ____
In Chichen Itza (Mayan) they sacrified who into the cities water supply?
Chichen Itza has __ levels like_____ &____
Tikal and Palenque
What was the observatory called at Chichen Itza?
Chacmool at Chichen Itza may represent what?
Fallen Warriors... An offering
The Aztecs are linked to what myth?
An island due to legend about a princess being skinned.
Tenochtitlan is modeled after____
Technochitlan was modeled after
Technotitlan was a marshy land and their solution was
wood piling to support building bsae
Tialoc is the god of What?
Templo Mayor was located where?
The Aztec calendar is dedicated to which god?
The Tongue on the Aztec calendar symbolizes what?
The Insignia at the top of the Aztec Calendar is...
The Feather headdress was probably of (Aztec)
Who limited the power of rivals and created the power of rivals?
Who created an alliance of powerful city-states? (Tenochtitlan, Tetzoco, and Tlacopan)
In Peru the Horizon period had what?
Better Integration of Culture
Who is the mother culture for other Andean civilizations?
The Chaving culture was spread by who?
Where was the Chavin Culture located?
What is a Lanzon?
Lanzon Stela at Chavin de Huantar was what?
A Hybrid animal with human features. (Feline head with Human Body) #Anthropomorphic
Lanzon Stela at Chavin de Huantar was what animal probably?
What was one of the largest states in world?
What was the "Land of the Four Quarters" and the Capital of the Inkas?
Son of the powerful 8th Emperor Viracocha Inca?
Who started the expansion of Cuzco?
The Temple of the Sun (Cuzco) is also the _____
Court of Gold
The Temple of the Sun (Cuzco) (Court of God) was dedicated to?
What do Lintels provide?
Information of Rituals and show duty of Mayan Kings
Pakal the Great was from where?
The Chavins were from the ______ Horizon
The Inkas were from the _____ Horizon
Where was the Lanzon stela at Chavin de Huantar
It was part of the Old Temple and it was in a deep labyrinth.
Who were the intended audiences for the Lanzon?
Palace and Temple of the Inscriptions were commissioned by who?
Pakal the Great (Mayan)
Lintel 24 was located in the ____