Chapter 15 ("Quest" Review) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 ("Quest" Review) Deck (69)
1

List the five directions common to all indigenous Americas

North
South
East
West
Center

2

The content emphasizes _____ with the natural world.

Unity

3

Olmec =_____

Rubber People

4

What was the Mother Culture of Mesoamerica

Olmecs

5

What was the first civilization to built ceremonial centers?

The Olmecs

6

La Venta is whose site?

Olmecs

7

Where did the influence of the Olmec Mask come from? What was it made of?

Other Areas
Jadeite (from the SE region of Guatemala)

8

Which civilization followed a grid-like plan?

Teotihuacan

9

What were the different roles played in Teotihuacan?

-Civic
-Economic
-Religious

10

Teotihuacan belonged to which time period? And who was it named by?

-Preclassic
-Named by the Aztecs

11

Was Teotihuacan a peaceful culture?

At first they were thought to be, but they were not.

12

Why was Teotihuacan so powerful?

They controlled the market for OBSIDIAN (Weapons)

13

The obsidian Teotihuacan had was typically traded for what?

Quetzal Feathers (Which were Rare)

14

Featered serpent and storm god may represent

Regeneration and Renewal

15

What was the mayan Convention of Beauty?

-Elongated Skull
-They Would use trepanning to elongate the forehead

16

When did building begin in Tikal (Mayans)?

4th Century BCE

17

The Center of the Great Plaza in Tikal was also known as the ____

Temple of the Giant Jaguar

18

What did the roof comb in Tikal have on it?

A portrait of the rooler

19

In Palenque.. Sculpture & record provided what?

Info on the Mayans

20

Pakal the Great became ruler at what age?

12

21

The Inscriptions at Palenque had how many levels of text?

3 levels

22

What was the tallest Mayan structure?

The Observatory

23

What does the Axis Mundi make references to?

Bloodleeting

24

The Mayan Government was divided into _____ with their own ____.

City-states with their own King

25

Yaxchilan was the rival of_____

Palenque

26

Today, Yaxchilan is only accessible by what?

Boat or Flight

27

When was Yaxchilan abandoned?

1500s

28

What does Bloodletting show?

That humans dedicate their lives to dieties

29

Did Bloodletting result in death?

No

30

Human Sacrifice, Heart Extraction led to____

death

31

Human Sacrifice was rare, but was more commonly seen with the ____

Aztecs

32

In Chichen Itza (Mayan) they sacrified who into the cities water supply?

Females

33

Chichen Itza has __ levels like_____ &____

9
Tikal and Palenque

34

What was the observatory called at Chichen Itza?

Caracol

35

Chacmool at Chichen Itza may represent what?

Fallen Warriors... An offering

36

The Aztecs are linked to what myth?

An island due to legend about a princess being skinned.

37

Tenochtitlan is modeled after____

Teotihuacan

38

Technochitlan was modeled after

Teotihuacan

39

Technotitlan was a marshy land and their solution was

wood piling to support building bsae

40

Tialoc is the god of What?

Rain

41

Templo Mayor was located where?

Technotitlan

42

The Aztec calendar is dedicated to which god?

Sun god

43

The Tongue on the Aztec calendar symbolizes what?

Sacrificial Knife

44

The Insignia at the top of the Aztec Calendar is...

Montezuma II

45

The Feather headdress was probably of (Aztec)

Montezuma II

46

Who limited the power of rivals and created the power of rivals?

Montezuma II

47

Who created an alliance of powerful city-states? (Tenochtitlan, Tetzoco, and Tlacopan)

Montezuma II

48

In Peru the Horizon period had what?

Better Integration of Culture

49

Who is the mother culture for other Andean civilizations?

Chavin

50

The Chaving culture was spread by who?

Visitors

51

Where was the Chavin Culture located?

The Andes

52

What is a Lanzon?

Spear Shape

53

Lanzon Stela at Chavin de Huantar was what?

A Hybrid animal with human features. (Feline head with Human Body) #Anthropomorphic

54

Lanzon Stela at Chavin de Huantar was what animal probably?

Jaguar

55

What was one of the largest states in world?

Inka Empire

56

What was the "Land of the Four Quarters" and the Capital of the Inkas?

Cuzco

57

Son of the powerful 8th Emperor Viracocha Inca?

Pachacuti

58

Who started the expansion of Cuzco?

Pachacuti

59

The Temple of the Sun (Cuzco) is also the _____

Court of Gold

60

The Temple of the Sun (Cuzco) (Court of God) was dedicated to?

Viracocha

61

What do Lintels provide?

Information of Rituals and show duty of Mayan Kings

62

Pakal the Great was from where?

Palenque (Mayan)

63

The Chavins were from the ______ Horizon

Early

64

The Inkas were from the _____ Horizon

Late

65

Where was the Lanzon stela at Chavin de Huantar
found?

It was part of the Old Temple and it was in a deep labyrinth.

66

Who were the intended audiences for the Lanzon?

Priests

67

Palace and Temple of the Inscriptions were commissioned by who?

Pakal the Great (Mayan)

68

Lintel 24 was located in the ____

South Acropolis

69

What does the Codex Mendoza show?

An idealized version of Tenochtitlan.