Chapter 14 (Test Review) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 (Test Review) Deck (45)
1

The Council of the Trent was the _____ of the Catholic Church.

Response

2

Due to the Council of Trent, what is one result in the guidelines for art.

Mannerism (Nudes, Commoners, Pagan Images), Nothing Profane

3

An ______ object could be made with the right objective after the council of Trent

Oranate

4

After the Council of Trent, regarding Art, the _______ could be worshipped but not the image

subject

5

What was the Treaty that ended religious wars?

Treaty of Westphalia

6

Which treaty ended the Thirty Years War?

Treaty of Westphalia

7

During the Mid 17th Century, which part of Europe could not keep up with the rest of it?

Central Europe

8

The Baroque appeals to the _____, while the Renaissance appeals to the ______

Senses; Mind

9

What was the first major commission for the Habsburgs in Flanders?

The Raising of the Cross by Peter Paul Rubens

10

The Habsburg came until oppressive ____ rule.

Spanish

11

Peter Paul Rubens is associated with what family?

The Habsburgs

12

The Jesuits used art as a _____ and _____

teaching tool; religious statement

13

What did the Jesuits do during the Counter-Reformation?

They converted many to Catholicism.

14

What happened on Sept. 27, 1540?

The Jesuits received a formal charter from Pope Paul III

15

Who is described as "unorthodox"?

Borromini

16

This person avoided color, even though other Baroque architects used it.

Borromini

17

Who was more innovative? Borromini or Bernini

Borromini

18

Who was closer to traditional Classicism? Borromini or Bernini

Bernini

19

Where is Caravaggio from?

italy

20

What special features does the San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane have?

-It was designed around a fountain.
-On the interior there are coffers that are different shapes and oval domes.

21

What type of art did Caravaggio typically like to do?

Realism

22

Who was known for their Dramatic Lighting?

Caravaggio

23

Who was commissioned to paint the Canatrelli Chapel?

Caravaggio

24

Who was known for Tenerbrism (Tenebrism is exaggerated Chiaroscuro)

Caravaggio

25

What is the formula for Baroque interiors?

Paintng + Sculpture + Architecture

26

"Opens arms of the Church"

What is this Describing?

St. Peters Basilica by Bernini

27

In _____ and the ____ Religious conflict led to the split of the Netherlands.

Flanders; Dutch Republic

28

Flanders was _____

Catholic

29

Duch Republic was _____

Protestant

30

Hardouin Mansart did what to Versailles?

He did the addition of the wings

31

Le Vau did what to Versailles?

He did the side facing the garden

32

Parterres are

green areas

33

Where did Rococo originate?

France

34

Where is the Cantarelli Chapel located?

Italy

35

Where is the Calling of St. Matthew painting located (by Carvaggio)

Cantarelli Chapel

36

Where is the Triumph of the Name of Jesus and the Fall of the Damned located?

Il Gesu

37

Why was Rubens able to pump out so much work?

Because he had a workshop with specialists, so everyone did different parts of the paintings

38

In the Portrait Henry IV Received the portrait of Maria de Medici, who commissioned it?

Marie de Medici (her)

39

Portrait Henry IV Received the portrait of Maria de Medici

What does the lady behind Henry IV represnt?

The Country of France and how the people of France support the Marriage... This is an example of Personification

40

The Baldacchino in Old St. Peters have in common with....

Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem

41

The chair of St. Peter's symbolizes what?

The direct descent of Christian authority from him to the reigning pope

42

In the Church of San Carlo Alle Quattro Fontane.... The lantern framed a hovering represents...

The Dove of the Holy Spirit

43

What is the subject of the Triumph of Jesus and the Fall of the Damned?

The Last Judgement

44

Rembrandts self-portrait with Saskia is an example of

etching

45

What is fete galante?

Elegant outdoor entertainment