Chapter 19 (Test Review) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 (Test Review) Deck (102)
1

Who was considered "avant-garde"

Gustave Courbet

2

What was Courbet's focus?

Ordinary Citizens

3

In France, Artists could earn a spot in the

French Royal Academy

4

French Royal Academy paintings had to have:

-No Visible Brush strokes
-Idealism rather than realism
-Naturalistic Color
-Art had to convey a message

5

Courbet was a

Realist

6

Manet was

Realist & Impressionist

7

Monet was

Impressionist

8

Degas was

Impressionist

9

Renoir was

Impressionist

10

Morisot was

Impressionist

11

Van Gogh was a

Post-Impressionist

12

Seurat was a

Post-Impressionist

13

Gauguin was a

Post-Impressionist

14

Manet focused on

city life and had loose brushstrokes

15

Manet's work _____ was accepted into the Salon but was heavily criticized.

Olympia (19th Century)

16

Where were the American Realists?

Winslow Homer (Watercolors)
Thomas Eakins
Edmonia Lewis

17

Which of the American Realists used watercolors?

Winslow Homer

18

What were the roots of Modernism?

Romanticism

19

What was the last movement before "modernism"

Impressionism

20

The goal of _____ was authentic representation of color and light.

Impressionism

21

Which artist wanted a complete break from the past?

Claude Monet

22

_____ became interested in light only.

Monet

23

In The Saint-Lazare Station, the focus is on ____ & ____ NOT _____ & _____

color &; light; NOT train &; people

24

Who created the Salon of the Rejected

Napoleon III

25

In the work Olympia. Olympia was the name of a____. She is presented flowers by a servant from a ____

Dumas Play; admirer

26

What was the Salon that artists wanted to earn a spot in?

The French Royal Academy

27

The work "The Blue Boat" was _____

watercolor

28

What did Renoir focus is work on?

Upper Middle Class at Leisure

29

____ encouragred Renoir to lighten his Palette

Monet

30

____ became interested in the light only.

Monet

31

When was the rise of Modernism?

20th Century

32

Claude Monet began to paint urban scenes instead of ____

nature

33

In Morisot's work, "Summer's Day", she adopts ____ ___ of Impressionism (dissolving forms into a flurry of feathery brushtrokes)

sketch aesthetics

34

Which artist was especially drawn to ballet?

Degas

35

In "The Rehearsal of the Ballet on Stage". Is this actually something that factually happened?

No; but it has the realities of modern life.

36

In "The Rehearsal of the Ballet on Stage". Which technique is used from the opera box to the stage?

Foreshortening

37

Degas' angular viewpoints could be inspired from?

Japanese Prints

38

Degas paintings often had a _____ message

social

39

At the time, ballerinas were seen as _____ because they exposed their body.

risqué

40

George Seurat believed that he was "____" Impressionism.

Correcting

41

Seurat used _____ on the work "A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of la Grande Jatte"

Pointilism

42

Post-Impressionism focused primarily on ____ _____. Such as: ___,___,____

Formal Elements (Line, Pattern, Color)

43

Seurat's theme of his works was

Leisure

44

Van Gogh expressed more _____ in his work; Used ___ for his goal.

Emotion; color

45

What was "The Starry Night" inspired by?

Dutch Prints (Protestant Themes, Rembrandt Prints, From B/W to Yellow/Blue)

46

What is a thick application of paint?

Impasto

47

Where do we Come From? What are we? Where are we Going? was painted on ____?

Sackcloth

48

Where do we Come From? What does the Blue idol mean?

The Beyond

49

Where did Symbolist art originate?

France

50

Symbolist are usually had a _____ theme

Spiritual

51

"The Scream" One of 22 paintings from a series called the _____

Frieze of Life

52

"The Scream" Rejected ______ ideals of looking at light outdoors and instead looked _____

Impressionist; looked inward

53

Cezanne was influenced by ____

Cubists

54

"Mont Saint-Victorie" Cezanne painted multiple versions? Yes or no

Yes

55

Cezanne's handling of paint is more controlled than the impressionists. TRUE OR FALSE

True

56

Who did not fit any of the categories of 19th Century Art?

Rodin

57

Why couldn't the surface of "The Burghers of Calais" be smooth?

He needed to reproduce human feelings, and so the surface cannot be smooth.

58

Which war is the Burghers of Calais depicting?

The 100 Years War, the 6 individuals offered the lives if the English King spared the rest of the population.

59

The Burgers of Calais was during the ________

Siege of Calais in 1347

60

All of the Scientific Developments in the 20th Century led to

Viewing physical nature differently

61

Germany invaded ____

Poland

62

The Treaty of Versailles and ______ led to Instability which led to ___

Economic Problems; WWII

63

When did the US join the allies?

1918

64

Pavlov's Dog is known as

Conditioned Responses

65

Who is the leader of the Fauvist movement?

Henri Matisse

66

Henri Matisse's colors are

not natural and he has loose brushstrokes

67

"The Joy of Life" uses _____ lines which show movement.

Curvilinear

68

Color symbolizes _____

Expression

69

In "Street, Berlin" the two people on the left are ______. Their hurried movement is showed through the _____

Prostitutes; slashing brushstrokes

70

"Self Portrait as a Soldier" uses _____

Primitivism

71

Primitivsm is influenced on

Die Brucke

72

Die Brucke was led by

Kirchner

73

Two themes of Die Brucke are:

Natural World
Nudity

74

The Bridge between "old" and "new" and that humanity is a bridge to a better future is

Die Brucke

75

Who is the founder of Der Blaue Reiter

Kandinsky

76

Who Rejected Representation?

Kandinsky

77

"Improvisation 28" is

feeling through color

78

Which form of Cubism uses Brown and gray, DISSECTING THE FORMS OF THE SUBJECT

Analytic Cubism

79

Which form of Cubism is like a collage where works were constructed using other paper or materials.

Synthetic Cubism

80

The term demoiselles was a euphemism for ____

prostitutes

81

The Newspaper clippings in "Bottle of Suze" refer to the ___

Balkan War

82

The Rouen Cathedral was by who?

Monet

83

Cubism was named after ____ viewed Braque's painting and said it was painted with little cubes

Matisse

84

Realism mostly depicted the

Working Class

85

Fauvism characteristics

unnatural colors, very flat

86

German Expressionism characteritics

Der Blaue Reither, Die Bruke

87

Cubism Branches

Analytic and Synthetic

88

The "Guitar" (Cubism) is what form?

Synthetic

89

The annual display of art by French artists in Paris during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Established in the seventeenth century as a venue to show the work of members of the French Academy, the Salon and its judges established the accepted official style of the time.

Salon

90

A painting technique in which pigments suspended in water are applied to absorbent paper, creating an image that cannot be corrected or reworked.

Watercolor

91

A French term meaning “in the open air,” describing the Impressionist practice of painting outdoors so artists could have direct access to the fleeting effects of light and atmosphere while working.

en plein air

92

A term derived from the French military word meaning “before the group,” or “vanguard.” Avant-garde denotes those artists or concepts of a strikingly new, experimental, or radical nature for the time.

Avant-Garde

93

The illusion created on a flat surface in which figures and objects appear to recede or project sharply into space. Accomplished according to the rules of perspective.

Foreshortening

94

Thickly applied paint that gives the quality of a three-dimensional surface to a painting.

Impasto

95

A style in nineteenth-century French and American art that was highly influenced by Japanese art.

Japonisme

96

Styles in which aspects of a work of art are exaggerated to evoke subjective responses rather than to portray objective reality or seek a rational response.

Expressionism

97

A style of painting which emphasizes the techniques and surface effects of brushwork (also color, light, and shade).

painterly

98

Art that does not attempt to reproduce the appearance of objects, figures, or scenes in the natural world. Also called nonobjective art.

nonrepresentational

99

Any art that attempts to depict an aspect of the external, natural world in a visually understandable way.

Representational

100

A handheld support used by artists for the storage and mixing of paint during the process of painting.

Palette

101

The theoretical spatial plane corresponding with the actual surface of a painting.

Picture Plane

102

A technique in which cutout paper forms (often painted or printed), and/or found materials, are pasted onto another surface.

Collage